Article date: 1992/3/27
PubMed ID: 1325238
Journal name: Brain research (ISSN: 0006-8993)
The effect of 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (DNQX), an alpha-amino-3- hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionate (AMPA)/kainic acid glutamate receptor antagonist, injected into the zona incerta (ZI) was investigated to determine whether the behavioral responses to systemic amphetamine involve AMPA/kainic acid receptors in this brain region. Rats were injected bilaterally in the ZI with either vehicle or DNQX (1 microgram/0.5 microliter) and immediately given a systemic injection of D-amphetamine (0.5, 1.0 or 10.0 mg/kg, s.c.). Locomotor activity was recorded for 1 h. DNQX did not significantly affect hypermotility stimulated with 0.5 and 1.0 mg/kg amphetamine, but markedly increased the level of locomotor activity elicited by the higher dose, 10 mg/kg. To test the hypothesis that the enhanced locomotor response to high dose amphetamine was due to an inhibition of stereotyped behavior, the effect of DNQX in the ZI on amphetamine and apomorphine-induced stereotypy was investigated. DNQX significantly inhibited stereotypy induced by amphetamine (10 mg/kg) and apomorphine (1 mg/kg), with the onset of inhibition of amphetamine-induced stereotypy corresponding to the onset of enhanced locomotor activity. Ibotenic acid lesions of the ZI produced similar results, having an insignificant effect on locomotor activity stimulated by low dose amphetamine (1 mg/kg) and an attenuation of apomorphine-induced stereotypy which was of a magnitude comparable to that produced by DNQX. Thus, the AMPA/kainic acid subtypes of glutamate receptors in the ZI may be involved in the regulation of motor function mediated via striatal output but not mesolimbically generated locomotor activity.
Author List: Supko D E, Uretsky N J, Wallace L J
Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Oxadiazoles; Quinoxalines; Receptors, AMPA; Receptors, Glutamate; Receptors, Kainic Acid; Receptors, Neurotransmitter; Ibotenic Acid; FG 9041; Lidocaine; Kainic Acid; Dextroamphetamine;
Mesh terms: Animals; Dextroamphetamine/pharmacology; Diencephalon/drug effects; Ibotenic Acid/pharmacology; Kainic Acid/metabolism; Lidocaine/pharmacology; Male; Microinjections; Motor Activity/drug effects; Oxadiazoles/metabolism; Quinoxalines/administration & dosage; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, AMPA; Receptors, Glutamate; Receptors, Kainic Acid; Receptors, Neurotransmitter/antagonists & inhibitors; Stereotyped Behavior/drug effects; Thalamus/physiology;