Article date: 1992/5/29
PubMed ID: 1327399
Journal name: Brain research (ISSN: 0006-8993)
Opioid receptor binding was investigated in rat brain following lesioning of the nucleus basalis of Meynert (nbM). The nbM, which provides cholinergic input to the cortex, was lesioned unilaterally using ibotenic acid. The efficacy of lesioning was confirmed by the observation of a significant decrease in choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity in the ipsilateral prefrontal cortex. The specific laminar and regional distribution of mu, delta and kappa opioid receptor binding was quantitated in various cortical and limbic structures in the rat using autoradiography. Distinct medial to lateral gradients of mu and kappa opioid binding were observed in regions of the cerebral cortex. In the lesioned hemisphere the levels of mu, delta and kappa opioid binding were altered in localized areas of the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus. The direction of these binding changes varied with the opioid receptor type being assessed. Delta opioid binding was increased in the lateral portions of the frontal, occipital, perirhinal and retrosplenial granular cortices. Kappa opioid binding was increased in the lateral portion of the occipital cortex and in the CA3 region of the hippocampus. In contrast, mu opioid binding was decreased in the lateral portions of the frontal, entorhinal and forelimb cortices. These opioid receptor changes are discussed with respect to the interactions between the cholinergic and opioid systems, and relevance of the nbM lesion model to Alzheimer's disease.
Author List: Ofri D, Fan L Q, Simon E J, Hiller J M
Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Enkephalins; Receptors, Opioid, delta; Receptors, Opioid, kappa; Receptors, Opioid, mu; Tritium; Enkephalin, Ala(2)-MePhe(4)-Gly(5)-; Enkephalin, Leucine; enkephalin, Ser(2), Leu(5), Thr(6)-; Enkephalin, D-Penicillamine (2,5)-; Choline O-Acetyltransferase;
Mesh terms: Animals; Autoradiography; Brain/metabolism; Cerebral Cortex/enzymology; Choline O-Acetyltransferase/metabolism; Enkephalin, Ala(2)-MePhe(4)-Gly(5)-; Enkephalin, D-Penicillamine (2,5)-; Enkephalin, Leucine/analogs & derivatives; Enkephalins/metabolism; Kinetics; Male; Organ Specificity; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Receptors, Opioid, delta/metabolism; Receptors, Opioid, kappa/metabolism; Receptors, Opioid, mu/metabolism; Reference Values; Substantia Innominata/physiology; Tritium;