Article date: 1992/10/1
PubMed ID: 1332080
Journal name: Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior (ISSN: 0091-3057)
Female rats have a higher threshold than males for seizures induced by the convulsant pentylenetetrazol, a GABAA receptor-chloride channel complex blocker. No sex difference was observed for the anticonvulsant activities of ethanol or diazepam to protect against pentylenetetrazol seizures. Ovariectomy reduces the pentylenetetrazol seizure threshold of females to that of males. In contrast, females have a lower threshold than males to electroshock seizures. Pentylenetetrazol receptors were compared in males and females and gonadectomized animals by binding of several radioligands to the GABAA receptor complex. No differences were found for these four groups of animals in the binding of [3H]flunitrazepam to the benzodiazepine sites and [35S]t-butyl bicyclophosphorothionate ([35S]TBPS) to the chloride channel/convulsant sites in membrane homogenates, nor for allosteric modulation of binding by GABA, the steroid anesthetic alphaxalone, or the benzodiazepine Ro 5-4864. In tissue section autoradiography, no difference was observed for these same assays nor for the binding of [3H]muscimol in the presence and absence of alphaxalone in several major regions. We conclude that circulating female sex hormones, possibly neurosteroid metabolites of progesterone, known to interact directly with the GABAA receptor complex, are involved in the sex differences in pentylenetetrazol seizure susceptibility.
Author List: Kokka N, Sapp D W, Witte U, Olsen R W
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Anesthetics; Anticonvulsants; Benzodiazepinones; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; Convulsants; Pregnanediones; Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; 4'-chlorodiazepam; Ethanol; Flunitrazepam; tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate; alphaxalone; Diazepam; Pentylenetetrazole;
Mesh terms: Anesthetics/pharmacology; Animals; Anticonvulsants/pharmacology; Autoradiography; Benzodiazepinones/pharmacology; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds/metabolism; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; Convulsants/metabolism; Diazepam/pharmacology; Electroshock; Ethanol/pharmacology; Female; Flunitrazepam/metabolism; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Orchiectomy; Ovariectomy; Pentylenetetrazole/pharmacology; Pregnanediones/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Seizures/chemically induced; Sex Characteristics;