Article date: 1992/10/2
PubMed ID: 1333342
Journal name: Brain research (ISSN: 0006-8993)
Previous studies have indicated that tonic stimulation of GABAB receptors in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) contributes to the regulation of arterial blood pressure (AP). The present studies examined the hypotheses that (1) tonic stimulation of GABAB receptors in the NTS provides a tonic attenuation of the baroreceptor reflex and (2) enhanced stimulation of these GABAB receptors markedly attenuates the baroreceptor reflex resulting in an increase in AP. In chloralose-anesthetized rats electrical stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve elicited frequency-dependent decreases in AP and heart rate (HR). These responses were markedly attenuated, but not eliminated, by injection of the GABAB receptor agonist baclofen into the ipsilateral NTS. In contrast, the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol completely inhibited aortic depressor nerve-evoked responses. Blockade of GABAB receptors in the NTS by local injection of CGP-35348 elicited a dose-dependent decrease in AP, and a dose-dependent blockade of the pressor response elicited by injection of baclofen into the NTS. These results support the hypothesis that GABA acts tonically on GABAB receptors in the NTS to attenuate the baroreceptor reflex, thereby contributing to the regulation of AP.
Author List: Sved A F, Tsukamoto K
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: GABA-A Receptor Antagonists; Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; Baclofen;
Mesh terms: Animals; Aorta/innervation; Baclofen/pharmacology; Blood Pressure/drug effects; Electric Stimulation; GABA-A Receptor Antagonists; Heart Rate/drug effects; Male; Medulla Oblongata/physiology; Muscimol/pharmacology; Nervous System Physiological Phenomena; Pressoreceptors/physiology; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Receptors, GABA-A/physiology; Reflex/physiology;