Article date: 1992/10/1
PubMed ID: 1336079
Journal name: Japanese journal of pharmacology (ISSN: 0021-5198)
Based on the data that diazepam, a benzodiazepine (BZP) receptor agonist, antagonized psychological (PSY)-stress induced analgesia (SIA) without prominent action on footshock (FS)- and forced swimming (SW)-SIA and that BZP receptors are coupled with GABA receptors, we examined how the GABAergic system participates in the production of various SIAs. Muscimol, a GABAA receptor agonist, at doses of 0.25 to 1.0 mg/kg, affected each SIA differently, suppressed PSY-SIA at 0.25 mg/kg but tended to potentiate it at 1.0 mg/kg, potentiated SW-SIA dose-dependently and did not affect FS-SIA at the doses employed. Both bicuculline, a GABAA receptor antagonist, 0.5 to 2.0 mg/kg, and picrotoxin, a Cl- channel blocker, 0.25 to 1.0 mg/kg, dose-dependently suppressed PSY- and FS-SIA. Meanwhile, the effects of both drugs on SW-SIA were less than those on PSY- and FS-SIA, namely, bicuculline slightly inhibited it only at 2.0 mg/kg, and picrotoxin did not produce any appreciable effect even at the highest dose. Baclofen, a GABAB receptor agonist, at 5.0 and 10.0 mg/kg had no influence on each SIA. On the contrary, CGP 35348, a GABAB receptor antagonist at 20 to 100 mg/kg caused the dose-dependent blockade of FS-SIA, but affected neither PSY- nor SW-SIA. The production of PSY- and SW-SIA is attributable to the GABAA receptors/Cl- channel mediated mechanism alone, while that of FS-SIA involves both GABAA and GABAB receptor mediated systems. Thus, GABAergic systems play an important role in the production of each SIA; however, the participation of the receptor subtypes in the mechanism was different from each other.
Author List: Tokuyama S, Takahashi M, Kaneto H
Publication Types: Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: GABA-A Receptor Antagonists; Organophosphorus Compounds; Receptors, GABA-A; Picrotoxin; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; CGP 35348; Baclofen; Bicuculline;
Mesh terms: Analgesia; Animals; Baclofen/pharmacology; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Electroshock; GABA-A Receptor Antagonists; Male; Mice; Mice, Inbred Strains; Muscimol/pharmacology; Organophosphorus Compounds/pharmacology; Picrotoxin/pharmacology; Receptors, GABA-A/physiology; Stress, Psychological/physiopathology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/physiology;