Article date: 1992/12/1
PubMed ID: 1337582
Journal name: Neuroscience research (ISSN: 0168-0102)
We examined whether or not the interstitial nucleus of Cajal (INC) is involved in generating vertical fast eye movement. We used a gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonist (muscimol) to deactivate the INC cell bodies bilaterally in alert head-fixed cats. The INC was identified by recording vertical eye position-related burst-tonic neurons. Following muscimol infusion into the bilateral INC, the cats were unable to hold eccentric upward eye position after saccades, and the mean time constant of postsaccadic drift was 0.4 sec. In addition, downward saccades were virtually lost without clear impairment of horizontal saccades. Muscimol infusion into the Forel's field H resulted in loss of both upward and downward fast eye movement as reported previously. Bilateral electrolytic INC lesions produced results similar to those after muscimol infusion into the INC, suggesting that the cutting of passing fibers in the INC alone cannot explain the selective loss of downward fast eye movement. These results indicate that the INC itself is involved in generating downward fast eye movement. We propose that the loss of activity in possible downward burster-driving neurons in the INC can explain the selective loss of downward fast eye movement after bilateral INC lesions.
Author List: Fukushima K, Fukushima J
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Muscimol;
Mesh terms: Animals; Cats; Eye Movements/drug effects; Injections; Muscimol/administration & dosage; Neurons/drug effects; Saccades/drug effects; Tegmentum Mesencephali/cytology;