Article date: 1992/1/1
PubMed ID: 1358123
Journal name: Journal of neural transmission. General section (ISSN: )
Some characteristics of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake and release in rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) were investigated. Kinetic analysis of GABA uptake indicated the existence of both high affinity (Km = 18.6 microM) and low affinity (Km = 485 microM) uptake systems. 3H-GABA influx was decreased by inhibitors of glial (beta-alanine), neuronal (2,4-diaminobutyric acid, DABA), or glial and neuronal GABA uptake (nipecotic acid). 3H-GABA efflux was elicited by K+ depolarization in a dose-dependent manner, an effect unaltered by severing the preganglionic nerve fibers. Superfusion of SCG explants with DABA or beta-alanine resulted in increased 3H-GABA efflux from tissue, an effect amplified by the absence of calcium in the superfusion medium. 3H-GABA loading in the presence of DABA, but not in the presence of beta-alanine, resulted in abolition of K(+)-elicited 3H release. At 20 mM, but not at 50 mM K+, the release of 3H-GABA was inhibited by replacing Ca2+ by Mg2+ and by adding EGTA, or by incubating SCG in the presence of the Ca(2+)-channel blocker verapamil. Veratrine evoked GABA release in Ca(2+)-independent manner. None of several putative SCG autacoids or agonists (nicotine, muscarine, norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin, baclofen, muscimol) significantly modified GABA release.
Author List: González Burgos G, Rosenstein R E, Cardinali D P
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Acetanilides; Anesthetics, Local; Neurotransmitter Agents; Nipecotic Acids; Receptors, GABA-A; beta-Alanine; nipecotic acid; DABA; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Proline; homoproline; Veratrine; Calcium;
Mesh terms: Acetanilides/pharmacology; Anesthetics, Local/pharmacology; Animals; Brain Chemistry/drug effects; Calcium/physiology; Female; Ganglia, Sympathetic/cytology; Kinetics; Male; Neurons/drug effects; Neurotransmitter Agents/metabolism; Nipecotic Acids/pharmacology; Proline/analogs & derivatives; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Veratrine/pharmacology; beta-Alanine/pharmacology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism;