1379999

Gamma-D-glutamylaminomethyl sulfonic acid (GAMS) distinguishes subtypes of glutamate receptor in the chick cochlear nucleus (nuc. magnocellularis).

Article date: 1992/6/1

PubMed ID: 1379999

Journal name: Hearing research (ISSN: 0378-5955)

ABSTRACT

Because kainic acid (KA) is more potent than other excitatory amino acids (EAAs) in affecting synaptic transmission in the cochlear nucleus, previous reports have concluded that primary afferent neurotransmission to the cochlear nucleus in birds and mammals is mediated by KA-preferring non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (non-NMDA) EAA receptors. Since this conclusion is at odds with a number of studies suggesting that rapid excitatory neurotransmission in the CNS is mediated by alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA)-preferring non-NMDA receptors, we re-examined the pharmacology of synaptic transmission between the cochlear nerve and nucleus magnocellularis (NM) in chickens, using bath application of drugs and recording of field potentials evoked in NM by electrical stimulation of the cochlear nerve in vitro. A series of EAA agonists produced complete, concentration-dependent and reversible suppression of postsynaptic responses: the order of potency was domoic acid (DO) greater than KA greater than AMPA much greater than quisqualic acid much greater than L-glutamic acid (Glu). Three quinoxalinedione antagonists of non-6-nitro-7-sulphamobenzo[f]quinoxaline-2,3-dione NMDA receptors also produced complete, concentration-dependent and reversible suppression of postsynaptic responses in NM without affecting the presynaptic action potential; the half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50's) were 2.7 +/- 0.4 microM for 6-nitro-7-sulphamobenzo[f]quinoxaline-2,3-dione (NBQX), 5.3 +/- 0.1 microM for 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), and 10.6 +/- 1.2 microM for 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (DNQX).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Author List: Zhou N, Parks T N

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Glutamates; Receptors, Glutamate; Receptors, Neurotransmitter; Glutamine; Ibotenic Acid; Glutamic Acid; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; gamma-glutamylaminomethylsulfonic acid; Kainic Acid;

Mesh terms: Animals; Chick Embryo; Chickens; Cochlea/drug effects; Glutamates/metabolism; Glutamic Acid; Glutamine/analogs & derivatives; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; Kainic Acid/pharmacology; Receptors, Glutamate; Receptors, Neurotransmitter/classification; Synapses/drug effects; Synaptic Transmission/drug effects; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;

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