Article date: 1992/7/1
PubMed ID: 1381419
Journal name: Journal of neurophysiology (ISSN: 0022-3077)
1. In freshly isolated spinal dorsal horn (DH) neurons (laminae I-III) of the young rat, the effects of tachykinins (substance P, neurokinin A) on inward current induced by excitatory amino acids were studied under whole-cell voltage-clamp conditions. 2. When the cells were clamped to a holding potential of -60 mV, a simultaneous application of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) (10(-4) M) and substance P (SP) (2 x 10(-9)-10(-7) M) for 10 s reversibly enhanced (by 129.6 +/- 8.2%, mean +/- SE) the peak amplitude of the initial transient component of the NMDA-induced current in approximately 60% of the examined cells and reduced it (to 83.3 +/- 2.7%) in 27% of the cells. In addition, SP produced an increase (by 133.6 +/- 11.7%) or a small decrease (to 85.9 +/- 1.4%) in the steady-state component of the NMDA response. In difference to SP, a simultaneous application of NMDA (10(-4) M) and neurokinin A (NKA) (10(-10)-10(-7) M) reversibly suppressed (to 86.8 +/- 2.1%) the peak amplitude of the NMDA-induced current in 75% of the examined cells. 3. The NMDA-induced currents were modulated by tachykinins not only during the coadministration but up to 20 min after the removal of the peptide. SP potentiated the initial peak NMDA current by 147.9 +/- 8.1% in 78% of examined cells and decreased it (76.3 +/- 5.7%) in 11% of cells. The potentiating effect was concentration-dependent (range: 10(-11)-10(-8) M) and reversible, but it was reduced with repeated applications. In addition, SP increased (by 125.4 +/- 3.6%) or reduced (to 86.0 +/- 1.8%) the steady-state component of the NMDA response. 4. When the single DH neurons were exposed to SP or NKA for 30 s-7 min before the testing of the NMDA responses, tachykinins had two distinct effects on the peak amplitude of the transient component of the NMDA-induced current, consisting of an initial depression (SP: to 64.8 +/- 2.1%; NKA: to 76.3 +/- 4.4%) followed by a potentiation (SP: by 146.6 +/- 6.8%; NKA: by 178.4 +/- 35.2%). The enhancing effect in some cells lasted less than or equal to 1 h. 5. A claimed novel nonselective tachykinin antagonist, spantide II (10(-8) M) coadministered with NMDA (10(-4) M), slightly depressed the peak component of NMDA-induced current. In addition, it effectively blocked the SP-induced potentiation of the responses of DH neurons to NMDA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Author List: Rusin K I, Ryu P D, Randic M
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Amino Acids; Peptides; Phorbol Esters; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; Tachykinins; spantide II; Colforsin; Cesium; Ibotenic Acid; Substance P; N-Methylaspartate; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; Neurokinin A; Quisqualic Acid; Calcium; Glycine;
Mesh terms: Amino Acids/pharmacology; Animals; Calcium/metabolism; Cesium/pharmacology; Colforsin/pharmacology; Glycine/pharmacology; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; In Vitro Techniques; N-Methylaspartate/pharmacology; Neurokinin A/pharmacology; Neurons/drug effects; Peptides/pharmacology; Phorbol Esters/pharmacology; Quisqualic Acid/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/drug effects; Spinal Cord/cytology; Substance P/analogs & derivatives; Tachykinins/antagonists & inhibitors; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;