Two pathways of cyclic GMP production through glutamate receptor-mediated nitric oxide synthesis.

Article date: 1992/10/1

PubMed ID: 1383419

Journal name: Journal of neurochemistry (ISSN: 0022-3042)


The selective agonists for the metabotropic glutamate receptor and the ionotropic non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor, (+/-)-1-aminocyclopentane-trans-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (ACPD) and (R,S)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA), respectively, increased the cyclic GMP (cGMP) content in cerebellar slices prepared from adult rats. The ACPD-induced rise in cGMP level was blocked by compounds known to antagonize metabotropic glutamate receptors, such as DL-2-amino-3-phosphonopropionic acid and L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyric acid, but not by ionotropic glutamate receptor antagonists, D-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid and 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX), whereas the AMPA-induced rise in cGMP level was suppressed by CNQX. Both rises in cGMP level involved nitric oxide synthase (NOS), because NG-methyl-L-arginine (NMLA), an inhibitor of NOS, blocked both cGMP level rises, and excess L-arginine reversed the effect of NMLA. After lithium chloride treatment, which could exhaust phosphatidylinositol phosphates, ACPD no longer increased cGMP levels, whereas AMPA was still effective. In a calcium-free medium, ACPD still induced a rise in cGMP level, whereas AMPA did not. When the molecular layer was isolated to determine the cGMP content separately from that in the rest of the cerebellar cortex, it was found that ACPD raised the cGMP level mainly in the molecular layer, whereas AMPA raised it in both sections.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Author List: Okada D

Publication Types: Journal Article

Substances mentioned in the article: Phosphatidylinositols; Receptors, Glutamate; Cycloleucine; 1-amino-1,3-dicarboxycyclopentane; Ibotenic Acid; Nitric Oxide; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; Cyclic GMP; Calcium; 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine;

Mesh terms: 1-Methyl-3-isobutylxanthine/pharmacology; Animals; Calcium/deficiency; Cyclic GMP/biosynthesis; Cycloleucine/analogs & derivatives; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; In Vitro Techniques; Male; Nitric Oxide/metabolism; Phosphatidylinositols/metabolism; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Receptors, Glutamate/physiology; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;

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