Excitatory amino acid receptor ligands. Synthesis and biological activity of 3-isoxazolol amino acids structurally related to homoibotenic acid.

Article date: 1992/9/18

PubMed ID: 1383544

Journal name: Journal of medicinal chemistry (ISSN: 0022-2623)


The 3-isoxazolol amino acid (RS)-2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)propionic acid (AMPA, 2) and the isomeric compound (RS)-2-amino-3-(3-hydroxy-4-methylisoxazol-5-yl)propionic acid (4-methylhomoibotenic acid, 4a) are potent agonists at the AMPA subtype of central excitatory amino acid receptors. Using 4a as a lead structure, the amino acids 4c-e, in which the 4-methyl group of 4a is replaced by substituents of different size and polarity, were synthesized. Attempts to synthesize 4-(bromomethyl)homoibotenic acid (4f), a potential receptor alkylating agent, were unsuccessful. 4-Butylhomoibotenic acid (4c) and 4-(2-hydroxyethyl)homoibotenic acid (4e) were equipotent as inhibitors of [3H]AMPA binding (IC50 = 2 microM) and showed similar excitatory activity in the rat cortical slice preparation. 4d did not show significant affinity for AMPA receptor sites, but turned out to be a weak N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor antagonist. However, like 4c,e, 4d did not significantly affect the binding of the competitive NMDA antagonist, [3H]CPP, or the noncompetitive NMDA antagonist, [3H]MK-801. None of the amino acids 4c-e showed detectable affinity for [3H]kainic acid binding sites. Like the parent compound 4a (IC50 = 0.18 microM), 4c (IC50 = 0.18 microM), 4e (IC50 = 0.14 microM), and in particular 4d (IC50 = 0.02 microM) were effective inhibitors of calcium chloride-dependent [3H]glutamic acid binding, whereas AMPA is inactive (IC50 greater than 100 microM) in this binding assay. Thus, 4d is an effective and highly selective inhibitor of calcium chloride-dependent [3H]glutamic acid binding and may be a useful tool for studies of the physiological relevance and pharmacological importance of this binding affinity.

Author List: Christensen I T, Ebert B, Madsen U, Nielsen B, Brehm L, Krogsgaard-Larsen P

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Isoxazoles; Receptors, Amino Acid; Ibotenic Acid; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;

Mesh terms: Animals; Binding, Competitive; Brain/metabolism; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; Isoxazoles/chemical synthesis; Rats; Receptors, Amino Acid/chemistry; Stereoisomerism; Structure-Activity Relationship; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;

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