gamma-Aminobutyric acid and glycine modulate each other's release through heterocarriers sited on the releasing axon terminals of rat CNS.

Article date: 1992/10/1

PubMed ID: 1402899

Journal name: Journal of neurochemistry (ISSN: 0022-3042)


The ability of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine (Gly) to modulate each other's release was studied in synaptosomes from rat spinal cord, cerebellum, cerebral cortex, or hippocampus, prelabeled with [3H]GABA or [3H]Gly and exposed in superfusion to Gly or to GABA, respectively. GABA increased the spontaneous outflow of [3H]Gly (EC50, 20.8 microM) from spinal cord synaptosomes. Neither muscimol nor (-)-baclofen, up to 300 microM, mimicked the effect of GABA, which was not antagonized by either bicuculline or picrotoxin. However, the effect of GABA was counteracted by the GABA uptake inhibitors nipecotic acid and N-(4,4-diphenyl-3-butenyl)nipecotic acid. Moreover, the GABA-induced [3H]Gly release was Na+ dependent and disappeared when the medium contained 23 mM Na+. The effect of GABA was Ca2+ independent and tetrodotoxin insensitive. Conversely, Gly enhanced the outflow of [3H]GABA from rat spinal cord synaptosomes (EC50, 100.9 microM). This effect was insensitive to both strychnine and 7-chlorokynurenic acid, antagonists at Gly receptors, but it was strongly Na+ dependent. Also, the Gly-evoked [3H]GABA release was Ca2+ independent and tetrodotoxin insensitive. GABA increased the outflow of [3H]Gly (EC50, 11.1 microM) from cerebellar synaptosomes; the effect was not mimicked by either muscimol or (-)-baclofen nor was it prevented by bicuculline or picrotoxin. The GABA effect was, however, blocked by GABA uptake inhibitors and was Na+ dependent. Gly increased [3H]GABA release from cerebellar synaptosomes (EC50, 110.7 microM) in a strychnine- and 7-chlorokynurenic acid-insensitive manner. This effect was Na+ dependent. The effects of GABA on [3H]Gly release seen in spinal cord and cerebellum could be reproduced also with cerebrocortical synaptosomes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/1402899.pdf

Author List: Raiteri M, Bonanno G, Pende M

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Carrier Proteins; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Glycine;

Mesh terms: Animals; Axons/metabolism; Carrier Proteins/metabolism; Central Nervous System/metabolism; Cerebellum/metabolism; Cerebral Cortex/metabolism; Glycine/metabolism; Hippocampus/metabolism; Male; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Spinal Cord/metabolism; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism;

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