Article date: 1992/10/1
PubMed ID: 1432065
Journal name: Journal of neurophysiology (ISSN: 0022-3077)
1. Intravenous administration of 1.0 mg/kg of morphine produces inhibition of the nociceptive tail-flick (TF) reflex, hypotension, and bradycardia in the pentobarbital-anesthetized rat. The present experiments examined peripheral, spinal, and supraspinal relays for inhibition of the TF reflex and cardiovascular responses produced by morphine (1.0 mg/kg iv) in the pentobarbital-anesthetized rat using 1) bilateral cervical vagotomy, 2) spinal cold block or mechanical lesions of the dorsolateral funiculi (DLFs), or 3) nonselective local anesthesia or soma-selective lesions of specific CNS regions. Intravenous morphine-induced inhibition of responses of unidentified, ascending, and spinothalamic tract (STT) lumbosacral spinal dorsal horn neurons to noxious heating of the hindpaw were also examined in intact and bilateral cervical vagotomized rats. 2. Bilateral cervical vagotomy significantly attenuated inhibition of the TF reflex and bradycardia produced by intravenous administration of morphine. Bilateral cervical vagogtomy changed the normal depressor response produced by morphine into a sustained pressor response. Inhibition of the TF reflex in intact rats was not due to changes in tail temperature. 3. Spinal cold block significantly attenuated inhibition of the TF reflex, the depressor response, and the bradycardia produced by intravenous administration of morphine. However, bilateral mechanical transections of the DLFs failed to significantly affect either inhibition of the TF reflex or cardiovascular responses produced by this dose of intravenous morphine. 4. Microinjection of either lidocaine or ibotenic acid into the nuclei tracti solitarii (NTS), rostromedial medulla (RMM), or ventrolateral pontine tegmentum (VLPT) attenuated morphine-induced inhibition of the TF reflex. Similar microinjections into either the periaqueductal gray (PAG) or the dorsolateral pons (DLP) failed to affect morphine-induced inhibition of the TF reflex. 5. Microinjection of either lidocaine or ibotenic acid into the NTS, RMM, VLPT, DLP, or rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) attenuated the depressor response produced by morphine, although baseline arterial blood pressure (ABP) was affected by ibotenic acid microinjections in the DLP. In all these cases, the microinjections failed to reveal a sustained pressor response as was observed with bilateral cervical vagotomy. Similar microinjections into the PAG failed to affect the depressor response produced by morphine. 6. The lidocaine and ibotenic acid microinjection treatments also showed that the bradycardic response produced by morphine depends on the integrity of the NTS, RMM, RVLM, and possibly the DLP, but not the PAG or VLPT.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
Author List: Randich A, Thurston C L, Ludwig P S, Robertson J D, Rasmussen C
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Ibotenic Acid; Morphine; Lidocaine;
Mesh terms: Afferent Pathways/drug effects; Animals; Blood Pressure/drug effects; Brain/physiology; Heart Rate/drug effects; Ibotenic Acid; Lidocaine/administration & dosage; Male; Medulla Oblongata/physiology; Microinjections; Morphine/pharmacology; Neurons/drug effects; Pain/physiopathology; Periaqueductal Gray/physiology; Pons/physiology; Raphe Nuclei/physiology; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Reflex/drug effects; Spinal Cord/physiology; Vagotomy; Vagus Nerve/drug effects;