1491106

Characteristics of sympathetic reflexes evoked by electrical stimulation of phrenic nerve afferents.

Article date: 1992/11/1

PubMed ID: 1491106

Journal name: Journal of the autonomic nervous system (ISSN: 0165-1838)

ABSTRACT

In chloralose-anaesthetized cats, sympathetic reflex responses were recorded in left cardiac and renal nerve during stimulation of afferent fibres in the ipsilateral phrenic nerve. In cardiac nerve, a late reflex potential with a mean onset latency of 75.6 +/- 13.8 ms was regularly recorded which, in 20% of the experiments, was preceded by an early, very small reflex component (latency between 35 and 52 ms). In contrast, in renal nerve only a single reflex component after a mean latency of 122.1 +/- 13.1 ms was observed. Bilateral microinjections of the GABA-agonist muscimol into the rostral ventrolateral medulla oblongata resulted in a nearly complete abolition of sympathetic background activity and in an 88% reduction of the late reflex amplitude with only small effects on the latency of the evoked potentials. Under this condition, an early reflex component was never observed to appear. After subsequent high cervical spinalization, the residual small potentials which persisted after bilateral muscimol injections were completely abolished and in cardiac nerve an early reflex potential with a mean latency of 45 +/- 10 ms was observed in all but one experiment. The early reflex was therefore referred to as a spinal reflex component which, however, is suppressed in most animals with an intact neuraxis. In the renal nerve a spinal response was only observed in one experiment after spinalization. The results suggest that sympathetic reflexes evoked by stimulation of phrenic nerve afferent fibres possess similar spinal and supraspinal pathways as previously described for somato-sympathetic and viscero-sympathetic reflexes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/1491106.pdf

Author List: Offner B, Dembowsky K, Czachurski J

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Muscimol;

Mesh terms: Animals; Cats; Decerebrate State/physiopathology; Electric Stimulation; Heart/physiology; Kidney/physiology; Medulla Oblongata/physiology; Microinjections; Muscimol/pharmacology; Neurons, Afferent/physiology; Phrenic Nerve/cytology; Reflex/physiology; Sympathetic Nervous System/physiology;

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