1573055

Experience-dependent plasticity in the auditory cortex and the inferior colliculus of bats: role of the corticofugal system.

Article date: 2000/7/8

PubMed ID: 1573055

Journal name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (ISSN: 0027-8424)

ABSTRACT

In the big brown bat, Eptesicus fuscus, the response properties of neurons and the cochleotopic (frequency) maps in the auditory cortex (AC) and inferior colliculus can be changed by auditory conditioning, weak focal electric stimulation of the AC, or repetitive delivery of weak, short tone bursts. The corticofugal system plays an important role in information processing and plasticity in the auditory system. Our present findings are as follows. In the AC, best frequency (BF) shifts, i.e., reorganization of a frequency map, slowly develop and reach a plateau approximately 180 min after conditioning with tone bursts and electric-leg stimulation. The plateau lasts more than 26 h. In the inferior colliculus, on the other hand, BF shifts rapidly develop and become the largest at the end of a 30-min-long conditioning session. The shifted BFs return (i. e., recover) to normal in approximately 180 min. The collicular BF shifts are not a consequence of the cortical BF shifts. Instead, they lead the cortical BF shifts. The collicular BF shifts evoked by conditioning are very similar to the collicular and cortical BF shifts evoked by cortical electrical stimulation. Therefore, our working hypothesis is that, during conditioning, the corticofugal system evokes subcortical BF shifts, which in turn boost cortical BF shifts. The cortical BF shifts otherwise would be very small. However, whether the cortical BF shifts are consequently boosted depends on nonauditory systems, including nonauditory sensory cortices, amygdala, basal forebrain, etc., which determine the behavioral relevance of acoustic stimuli.

Author List: Gao E, Suga N

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Muscimol;

Mesh terms: Acoustic Stimulation; Animals; Association Learning/physiology; Auditory Cortex/physiology; Behavior, Animal; Chiroptera/psychology; Conditioning (Psychology); Electric Stimulation; Evoked Potentials; Inferior Colliculi/physiology; Models, Neurological; Muscimol/pharmacology; Neural Pathways/physiology; Neuronal Plasticity/physiology; Somatosensory Cortex/drug effects;

Citations: - 2657465

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