Article date: 1992/5/1
PubMed ID: 1597719
Journal name: Journal of neurophysiology (ISSN: 0022-3077)
1. The pharmacologic properties of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-induced Cl- current (ICl) were studied in the paratracheal ganglion cells freshly dissociated from 7- to 10-day-old rat trachea in a whole-cell recording mode by the use of a conventional patch-clamp technique. 2. GABA- and muscimol-induced currents increased sigmoidally in a concentration-dependent manner, and both currents reversed at approximately -3 mV, which was close to the Cl- equilibrium potential (ECl). 3. Strychnine (STR) at low concentration and bicuculline (BIC) inhibited GABA response competitively, whereas STR at the higher concentrations, benzylpenicillin (PCG), or picrotoxin (PTX) inhibited noncompetitively. Inhibition of GABA response by PCG but not other antagonists was voltage dependent, indicating that PCG acts as a Cl- channel blocker. 4. The concentration-response curve of pentobarbital sodium (PB)-induced ICl was bell shaped. At concentrations higher than 10(-3) M, both the peak and plateau currents decreased, and a transient “hump” current appeared immediately after washing out PB. In the presence of PB, the concentration-response curve of GABA shifted toward left without changing the maximum response. 5. Although diazepam (DZP) at concentration used did not induce a response, it potentiated the GABA response in a concentration-dependent manner between 10(-8) and 10(-6) M. DZP also caused a parallel shift toward left in the concentration-response curve of GABA. 6. PB or DZP further enhanced the GABA response in the presence of the other agent. 7. It is concluded that the properties of GABAA receptors in the paratracheal ganglion cells are essentially similar to those reported in other preparations.
Author List: Itabashi S, Aibara K, Sasaki H, Akaike N
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Chlorides; GABA Antagonists; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Pentobarbital; Diazepam;
Mesh terms: Animals; Chlorides/physiology; Diazepam/pharmacology; Drug Synergism; Electric Conductivity; GABA Antagonists; Ganglia/cytology; Muscimol/pharmacology; Pentobarbital/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Trachea/innervation; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;