Pharmacological characterization of metabotropic glutamate receptors in cultured cerebellar granule cells.

Article date: 1993/5/1

PubMed ID: 1657313

Journal name: Neurochemical research (ISSN: 0364-3190)


A detailed pharmacological characterization of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR) was performed in primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells at 6 days in vitro (DIV). The rank order of agonists induced polyphosphoinositide (PPI) hydrolysis (after correcting for the ionotropic component in the response) was as follows: in terms of efficiency, Glu > quisqualate (quis) = ibotenate (ibo) > (1S,3R)-1-amino-cyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (ACPD) > beta-methyl-amino-L-alanine (BMAA) and in terms of potency, quis > ACPD > Glu > ibo = BMAA. Ionotropic excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptor agonists, such as alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA) and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) were relatively inactive (in the presence of Mg2+). Quis and ACPD-induced PPI hydrolysis was unaffected by ionotropic Glu receptor antagonists, but was inhibited, in part by L-2-amino-3-phosphonopropionate (AP3). In contrast, Glu-or ibo- induced PPI hydrolysis was reduced, in part, by both AP3 and NMDA receptor antagonists. Characteristic interactions involving different transmitter receptors were noted. PPI hydrolysis evoked by quis and 1S,3R-ACPD was not additive. In contrast, PPI hydrolysis stimulated by quis/ACPD and carbamylcholine was additive (indicating different receptors/transduction pathways). In the presence of Mg2+, the metabotropic response to quis/AMPA and NMDA was synergistic (this being consistent with AMPA receptor-induced depolarization activating NMDA receptor). On the other hand, in Mg(2+)-free buffer the effects of quis and NMDA, at concentrations causing maximal PPI hydrolysis, were additive (indicating that PPI hydrolysis was effected by two different mechanisms).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Author List: Aronica E, Nicoletti F, Condorelli D F, Balázs R

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Amino Acids, Diamino; Glutamates; Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates; Phosphatidylinositols; Receptors, Glutamate; 2-amino-3-phosphonopropionic acid; Cycloleucine; beta-N-methylamino-L-alanine; 1-amino-1,3-dicarboxycyclopentane; Ibotenic Acid; Glutamic Acid; N-Methylaspartate; Quisqualic Acid; Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases; Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C; Magnesium; Alanine;

Mesh terms: Alanine/analogs & derivatives; Amino Acids, Diamino/pharmacology; Animals; Cells, Cultured; Cerebellum/cytology; Cycloleucine/analogs & derivatives; Drug Interactions; Enzyme Activation; Glutamates/pharmacology; Glutamic Acid; Ibotenic Acid/pharmacology; Magnesium/pharmacology; N-Methylaspartate/pharmacology; Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates; Phosphatidylinositols/metabolism; Phosphoinositide Phospholipase C; Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases/metabolism; Quisqualic Acid/pharmacology; Rats; Receptors, Glutamate/drug effects;

Citations: - 2471311

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