Atipamezole, benzodiazepines, bicucullin and tifluadom antagonize the effect of TRH on rat duodenum and displace it from brain and anterior pituitary receptors.

Article date: 1991/5/1

PubMed ID: 1658766

Journal name: Pharmacology & toxicology (ISSN: 0901-9928)


The mechanism of action of the TRH induced inhibition of contractions of the transmurally stimulated rat duodenum has been studied. The effect of TRH was not antagonized by atropine, pentolinium, phenoxybenzamine, sotalol, methysergide, domperidone, diphenhydramine, cimetidine, aminophylline, antazolin, indomethacin, morphine, naloxone or tetrodotoxin. In contrast, the adrenergic alpha 2-antagonist atipamezole, the benzodiazepines chlordiaxepoxide and midazolam or GABA-A-antagonist bicucullin but not picrotoxin or SR-95531 attenuated the response to TRH. An opioid-kappa-receptor agonist having benzodiazepine structure, tifluadom, but not MR 2034 also diminished the response to TRH. However, these actions were not modified by the alpha 2-agonist medetomidine, benzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil, GABA-agonists muscimol or baclofen or naloxone, respectively. While the binding of [3H][3-Me-His2]TRH to the rat anterior pituitary, hypothalamus, cortex and brainstem homogenates was saturable and of high affinity, no saturable binding was observed in the duodenal smooth muscle. Agents that were effective in the duodenal preparation displaced [3H][3-Me-His2]TRH from its binding sites in brain homogenates and the inhibitory constants (Ki) were (in microM): 0.038-0.107 (TRH), 0.19-5.8 (chlordiazepoxide), 0.021-8.9 (midazolam), 1.5-17 (tifluadom), 60-210 (bicucullin) and 150-530 (atipamezole). Atipamezole, bicucullin and chlordiazepoxide caused competitive displacement indicated by the increased KD of the labelled ligand but no change in the Bmax while tifluadom increased KD and decreased Bmax. It is concluded that the inhibitory effect of TRH on the contractions of the duodenal smooth muscle is mediated directly by the smooth muscle and it is apparently specific for TRH.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/1658766.pdf

Author List: Järvinen A

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Imidazoles; Receptors, Neurotransmitter; Receptors, Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone; atipamezole; Benzodiazepines; Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone; tifluadom; Bicuculline;

Mesh terms: Animals; Benzodiazepines/pharmacology; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Binding, Competitive/drug effects; Brain/drug effects; Duodenum; Imidazoles/pharmacology; In Vitro Techniques; Male; Muscle, Smooth/drug effects; Pituitary Gland, Anterior/drug effects; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, Neurotransmitter/drug effects; Receptors, Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone; Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone/antagonists & inhibitors;

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