Article date: 1991/12/11
PubMed ID: 1662949
Journal name: Biochemical pharmacology (ISSN: 0006-2952)
Agents that enhance gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) neurotransmission can modulate certain effects of opioids, such as analgesia. In this study, the interaction between morphine and GABAergic agents on the release of [3H]norepinephrine ([3H]NE) from rat frontal cortical slices was examined. GABA (10(-4) M), enhanced potassium-stimulated [3H]NE release and reversed the inhibitory effect of 10(-6) M morphine. GABA and muscimol modulated the inhibitory effect of morphine in a noncompetitive manner. Bicuculline methiodide (10(-4) M) reduced the effect of GABA in the absence of morphine, and appeared to reduce the effect of GABA in the presence of morphine, although the latter effect was not statistically significant from the controls. While the GABAA agonist muscimol mimicked the effect of GABA, the GABAB agonist baclofen did not affect the release of [3H]NE in the absence or the presence of 10(-6) M morphine. These results support the involvement of GABAA receptors in modulating the action of opioids on the noradrenergic system in the cerebral cortex of the rat.
Author List: Peoples R W, Giridhar J, Isom G E
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Receptors, GABA-A; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Morphine; Baclofen; Norepinephrine;
Mesh terms: Animals; Baclofen/pharmacology; Cerebral Cortex/drug effects; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; In Vitro Techniques; Male; Morphine/pharmacology; Norepinephrine/antagonists & inhibitors; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;