Reduction of GABAA receptor-mediated inhibition by the non-NMDA receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione in cultured neurons of rat brain.

Article date: 1991/1/2

PubMed ID: 1673549

Journal name: Neuroscience letters (ISSN: 0304-3940)


The action of the non-N-methyl-D-aspartate (non-NMDA) receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX) on gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABAA) receptor-mediated currents was studied in dissociated rat midbrain and hypothalamic cultures using whole-cell recording. Spontaneous synaptic activity consisted of excitatory (EPSCs) and inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs). Bicuculline (20 microM) blocked IPSCs and increased the frequency of EPSCs. CNQX (1 microM) reduced both EPSCs and IPSCs. In the presence of 0.3 microM tetrodotoxin (TTX), CNQX (1-20 microM) blocked miniature EPSCs and reduced IPSCs. In TTX, increasing K+ (20 mM) evoked EPSCs and IPSCs in a Ca-dependent manner. CNQX (10 microM) blocked evoked EPSCs and diminished evoked IPSCs similarly as miniature IPSCs. Muscimol-(0.2-5 microM) induced currents were dose-dependently reduced by CNQX (10-50 microM). It is concluded that CNQX reduces GABAA receptor-mediated inhibition primarily by reducing the excitatory drive in the evolving network, but, in addition, has a significant blocking effect on the GABAA receptor-channel complex.

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/1673549.pdf

Author List: Jarolimek W, Misgeld U

Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: GABA-A Receptor Antagonists; Quinoxalines; Receptors, GABA-A; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; Cadmium; Muscimol; Tetrodotoxin; 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione; Potassium; Bicuculline;

Mesh terms: 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione; Animals; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Brain/cytology; Cadmium/pharmacology; Cells, Cultured; Embryo, Mammalian/cytology; Female; GABA-A Receptor Antagonists; Muscimol/pharmacology; Neuroglia/cytology; Neurons/drug effects; Potassium/pharmacology; Pregnancy; Quinoxalines/pharmacology; Rats; Receptors, GABA-A/physiology; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/physiology; Tetrodotoxin/pharmacology;

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