1683473

Cerebellar excitatory amino acid binding sites in normal, granuloprival, and Purkinje cell-deficient mice.

Article date: 1991/1/1

PubMed ID: 1683473

Journal name: Neuroscience (ISSN: 0306-4522)

ABSTRACT

Using quantitative autoradiography, the cellular localization and characterization of cerebellar excitatory amino acid binding sites in normal, Purkinje cell-deficient and granuloprival (granule cell-deficient) mouse cerebella were investigated. In the molecular layer of normal mouse cerebellum, the quisqualate subtype of excitatory amino acid receptor (assayed by [3H](RS)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate, quisqualate-sensitive L-[3H]glutamate, and [3H]6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione binding) predominated. In the granule cell layer of the cerebellum, N-methyl-D-aspartate-sensitive L-[3H]glutamate and [3H]glycine binding sites were predominant. In the molecular layer of Purkinje cell-deficient mutant mice, [3H](RS)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate binding sites and [3H]6-cyano-7-nitro-quinoxaline-2,3-dione binding were reduced to 24% (P less than 0.01) and 36% (P less than 0.001) of control, respectively, while quisqualate-sensitive [3H]glutamate binding sites were reduced to 54% of control (P less than 0.01). N-Methyl-D-aspartate-sensitive [3H]glutamate and [3H]glycine binding were unchanged. In the granule cell layer of these mouse cerebella, there was no change in excitatory amino acid receptor binding. In the molecular layer of granuloprival mouse cerebella, [3H](RS)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate binding was increased to 205% of control (P less than 0.01), [3H]6-cyano-7-nitro-quinoxaline-2,3-dione binding was increased to 136% of control (P less than 0.02), and quisqualate-sensitive [3H]glutamate binding was increased to 152% of control (P less than 0.01). N-Methyl-D-aspartate-sensitive [3H]glutamate and [3H]glycine binding were unchanged. In areas of granule cell depletion N-methyl-D-aspartate-sensitive [3H]glutamate and [3H]glycine binding were reduced to 68% (P less than 0.01) and 59% (P less than 0.01) of control, respectively. In the granule cell layer, binding to quisqualate receptors was not significantly different from binding in controls with any of the ligands tested. These results suggest that three different receptor assays: [3H](RS)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionate, quisqualate-sensitive L-[3H]glutamate, and [3H]6-cyano-7-nitro-quinoxaline-2,3-dione binding can be used to demonstrate that quisqualate receptor specific binding sites are located on Purkinje cell dendrites in the molecular layer of cerebellum, and that these binding sites apparently up-regulate in response to granule cell ablation and Purkinje cell deafferentation.

Author List: Makowiec R L, Cha J J, Penney J B, Young A B

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Quinoxalines; Receptors, AMPA; Receptors, Glutamate; Receptors, Glycine; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; Receptors, Neurotransmitter; Ibotenic Acid; Methylazoxymethanol Acetate; 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; methylazoxymethanol;

Mesh terms: 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione; Animals; Cerebellar Cortex/chemistry; Dendrites/chemistry; Denervation; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; Methylazoxymethanol Acetate/analogs & derivatives; Mice; Mice, Neurologic Mutants/metabolism; Purkinje Cells/pathology; Quinoxalines/metabolism; Receptors, AMPA; Receptors, Glutamate; Receptors, Glycine; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/analysis; Receptors, Neurotransmitter/analysis; Up-Regulation; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;

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