Pharmacological characterization of non-NMDA subtypes of glutamate receptor in the neonatal rat hemisected spinal cord in vitro.

Article date: 1992/6/1

PubMed ID: 1697342

Journal name: British journal of pharmacology (ISSN: 0007-1188)


1. A grease-gap technique was used to record depolarizing responses to alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazole-4-propionate (AMPA), kainate and N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) in the hemisected spinal cord of the neonatal rat. The pharmacology of non-NMDA subtypes of glutamate receptor was investigated with the novel quinoxalinedione, 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulphamoyl-benzo (F)-quinoxaline (NBQX) and with a series of barbiturates. 2. NBQX antagonized AMPA- and kainate-, but not NMDA- induced depolarizations. The near parallel shifts of the major part of the dose-response curves for AMPA and kainate by NBQX gave pA2 values (+/- s.e.) of 6.7 +/- 0.2 and 6.8 +/- 0.2 respectively, consistent with a common site of action for these two agonists. 3. Below the 50% level at which these pA2 values were calculated, however, an NBQX-resistant plateau was seen within the kainate, but not the AMPA, dose-response curve. 4. In decreasing order of potency, methohexitone, secobarbitone, thiopentone, pentobarbitone and phenobarbitone preferentially reduced kainate-, rather than AMPA- and NMDA-, induced depolarizations. Methohexitone was also the most selective with IC50S against kainate, AMPA and NMDA of 31 +/- 7, 172 +/- 47 and greater than 200 microM respectively. 5. The NBQX-resistant plateau seen within the kainate dose-response curve was reduced by methohexitone. Kainate antagonism by methohexitone was not reduced by 50 microM picrotoxin. 6. We conclude that, while mixed agonist actions may hamper demonstration of antagonist selectivity, depolarizations induced by the non-NMDA ionotropic agonists, AMPA and kainate, are mediated in part via distinct receptors.

Author List: Zeman S, Lodge D

Publication Types: Journal Article

Substances mentioned in the article: Quinoxalines; Receptors, Glutamate; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; 2,3-dioxo-6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo(f)quinoxaline; Ibotenic Acid; N-Methylaspartate; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; Methohexital; Kainic Acid;

Mesh terms: Animals; Animals, Newborn/physiology; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; In Vitro Techniques; Kainic Acid/pharmacology; Methohexital/pharmacology; N-Methylaspartate/pharmacology; Quinoxalines/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Rats, Wistar; Receptors, Glutamate/drug effects; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/drug effects; Spinal Cord/drug effects; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;

Citations: - 2480522

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