Article date: 1990/9/4
PubMed ID: 1705317
Journal name: Neuroscience letters (ISSN: 0304-3940)
The whole-cell patch-clamp technique was used to examine the effect of substance P (SP) on glutamate-induced currents in freshly dissociated rat spinal dorsal horn neurons (LI-III). In 48% of examined cells SP (10(-10)-10(-6) M) at -70 mV, induced in inward current that desensitized in the continued presence of SP. When applied simultaneously with, or prior to L-glutamate, SP caused a potentiation of L-glutamate-induced current in 65% of the tested cells. Since glutamate activates both N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA receptors in rat dorsal horn neurons, selective agonists, kainate, quisqualate, alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionic acid (AMPA) and NMDA were used to determine which subtype of excitatory amino acid receptors interacted with SP. We found that the responses to quisqualate, kainate, and AMPA were not significantly affected by SP (less than 20% increase). In contrast, the inward currents induced by NMDA (30-300 microM) appear to be reduced and potentiated after the administration of 2-200 nM of SP. These results suggest that post-synaptic mechanisms of action of tachykinins may contribute to the regulation of the strength of glutamate-mediated excitatory transmission in the rat spinal dorsal horn.
Author List: Randić M, Hećimović H, Ryu P D
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Glutamates; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; Ibotenic Acid; Substance P; Glutamic Acid; N-Methylaspartate; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; Quisqualic Acid; Kainic Acid;
Mesh terms: Animals; Evoked Potentials/drug effects; Glutamates/pharmacology; Glutamic Acid; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; In Vitro Techniques; Kainic Acid/pharmacology; N-Methylaspartate/pharmacology; Neurons/drug effects; Quisqualic Acid/pharmacology; Rats; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/drug effects; Spinal Cord/drug effects; Substance P/pharmacology; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;