Article date: 1992/1/1
PubMed ID: 1727428
Journal name: Journal of neurochemistry (ISSN: 0022-3042)
The regulation of glutamate decarboxylase (GAD; EC 220.127.116.11) was studied by using cultures of cerebral cortical neurons from rat brain grown in serum-free medium. About 50% of the neurons in the cultures were gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic as determined by two double-staining procedures. Immunoblotting experiments with four anti-GAD sera that recognize the two forms to varying degrees, demonstrated that the cultures contained the two forms of GAD that are present in rat brain (apparent molecular masses = 63 and 66 kDa). GAD activity was reduced by 60-70% when intracellular GABA levels were increased by incubating the cultures with the GABA-transaminase inhibitor gamma-vinyl-GABA for greater than 5-10 h or with 1 mM GABA itself. Neither baclofen nor muscimol (100 microM) affected GAD activity. Immunoblotting experiments showed that only the larger of the two forms of GAD (66 kDa) was decreased by elevated GABA levels. These results, together with previous results indicating that the smaller form of GAD is more strongly regulated by pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (the cofactor for GAD), suggest that the two forms of GAD are regulated by different mechanisms.
Author List: Rimvall K, Martin D L
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Amino Acids; Aminocaproates; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; 4-Aminobutyrate Transaminase; Glutamate Decarboxylase; Vigabatrin; Baclofen;
Mesh terms: 4-Aminobutyrate Transaminase/antagonists & inhibitors; Amino Acids/metabolism; Aminocaproates/pharmacology; Animals; Baclofen/pharmacology; Cells, Cultured; Cerebral Cortex/cytology; Glutamate Decarboxylase/metabolism; Immunoblotting; Intracellular Membranes/metabolism; Muscimol/pharmacology; Neurons/metabolism; Rats; Vigabatrin; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism;