Article date: 1991/1/1
PubMed ID: 1825117
Journal name: Journal of medicinal chemistry (ISSN: 0022-2623)
We have prepared a series of cis-4-(tetrazolylakyl)piperidine-2-carboxylic acids as potent and selective N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor antagonists. NMDA antagonists may prove to be useful therapeutic agents, for instance, as anticonvulsants, in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease and in the prevention of neuronal damage that occurs during cerebral ischemia. The compounds prepared were evaluated in vitro in both receptor binding assays [( 3H]CGS-19755, [3H]AMPA, and [3H]kainic acid) and in a cortical-wedge preparation (versus NMDA, quisqualic acid, and kainic acid) to determine affinity, potency, and selectivity. The new amino acids were also evaluated in vivo for their ability to block NMDA-induced convulsions in neonatal rats and NMDA-induced lethality in mice. The most potent compound of this series, 15 (LY233053), selectively displaced [3H]CGS-19755 binding with an IC50 of 107 +/- 7 nM and selectively antagonized responses due to NMDA in a cortical-wedge preparation with an IC50 of 4.2 +/- 0.4 microM. Compound 15 blocked both NMDA-induced convulsions in neonatal rats (minimum effective dose (MED) = 20 mg/kg ip) and NMDA-induced lethality in mice (MED = 5 mg/kg ip). This is the first example of an NMDA receptor antagonist that incorporates a tetrazole moiety as an omega-acid bioisostere. These amino acid antagonists are also unique from their phosphonic acid counterparts in that they have a shorter duration of action in vivo. For the treatment of acute disorders such as stroke, where an NMDA antagonist would be administered parenterally, the shorter duration of action may be beneficial, e.g., allowing for better dosage control. The combination of potent NMDA receptor antagonism and a short duration of action may make these compounds useful therapeutic agents in the treatment of a variety of neurological disorders.
Author List: Ornstein P L, Schoepp D D, Arnold M B, Leander J D, Lodge D, Paschal J W, Elzey T
Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Indicators and Reagents; Pipecolic Acids; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; Tetrazoles; Ibotenic Acid; selfotel; N-Methylaspartate; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; Kainic Acid;
Mesh terms: Animals; Cerebral Cortex/metabolism; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; Indicators and Reagents; Kainic Acid/metabolism; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Mice; Molecular Structure; N-Methylaspartate/antagonists & inhibitors; Pipecolic Acids/chemical synthesis; Rats; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate/drug effects; Seizures/physiopathology; Structure-Activity Relationship; Tetrazoles/chemical synthesis; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;