Article date: 1991/3/1
PubMed ID: 1847192
Journal name: Journal of neurochemistry (ISSN: 0022-3042)
The gamma-aminobutyric acidA (GABAA) receptor of codfish brain has been purified to homogeneity and contains a single polypeptide band of 56 kDa molecular mass. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS-PAGE) of codfish GABA receptor photoaffinity-labeled by both [3H]flunitrazepam ([3H]Flu) and [3H]muscimol showed a single radioactive peak with molecular mass of 56 kDa, in contrast to the multiple subunits found in other vertebrate species. The codfish receptor, purified using benzodiazepine (BZ, Ro 7-1986/1) affinity chromatography, contains an apparent single band both by isoelectric focussing and on a silver-stained SDS gel. The receptor density and affinity constants for [3H]muscimol and [3H]Flu binding are comparable to those in mammalian brain, and the specific activity (greater than 1,000 pmol/mg of protein) is comparable to that of preparations purified from those sources. The pharmacological specificity of the codfish GABA-BZ receptor is generally similar to that of mammalian brain, including GABA-BZ coupling. The BZ binding exhibits homogeneous kinetic properties resembling those of the mammalian BZ2 receptor type, and shows strong GABA enhancement of [3H]Flu binding and weaker pentobarbital potentiation. This is consistent with other observations of an earlier phylogenetic, as well as ontogenetic, emergence in mammals of the BZ2 receptor subtype than the BZ1. Codfish GABA receptor is postulated to be a homo-oligomer in which the conformation of GABA and BZ recognition sites is very similar to that in the mammalian hetero-oligomeric GABAA receptor. The codfish receptor appears to be encoded by an ancestral gene and indicates an early development of BZ-GABA coupling.
Author List: Deng L, Nielsen M, Olsen R W
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Receptors, GABA-A; Tritium; Benzodiazepines; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Flunitrazepam; avermectin B(1)a; Ivermectin;
Mesh terms: Animals; Benzodiazepines/metabolism; Binding, Competitive; Brain/metabolism; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Fishes/metabolism; Flunitrazepam; Ivermectin/analogs & derivatives; Kinetics; Muscimol/metabolism; Receptors, GABA-A/chemistry; Tritium; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism;