Article date: 1991/2/1
PubMed ID: 1849322
Journal name: Synapse (New York, N.Y.) (ISSN: 0887-4476)
The involvement of the gamma-aminobutyric acid A(GABAA) receptor complex in the pathogenesis of hepatic encephalopathy (HE) was examined in galactosamine-treated rabbits with HE caused by fulminant hepatic failure. Radioligand binding to the constituent components of the GABAA receptor complex was unchanged in rabbits with HE. However, partially purified extracts from encephalopathic rabbit brain were approximately three times more potent in inhibiting [3H]Ro 15-1788 binding to benzodiazepine (BZ) receptors than extracts from control rabbits. The inhibition of radioligand binding to the BZ receptor produced by these extracts was competitive and reversible and was significantly enhanced by GABA. Further purification of these extracts by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) indicated that the inhibitory activity was localized in several peaks, some of which had retention times corresponding to 1,4-benzodiazepine standards. The presence of diazepam in these extracts was confirmed using mass spectroscopy. Both mass spectroscopic and radiometric techniques demonstrated that the concentration of diazepam in brain extracts from encephalopathic rabbits was approximately 4 times greater than control extracts. These findings link the presence of BZ receptor agonists to the development of a neuropathological condition, thereby providing a rational basis for the use of BZ receptor antagonists in the management of HE in man.
Author List: Basile A S
Publication Types: Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Bridged Bicyclo Compounds; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; Ligands; Receptors, GABA-A; Sulfur Radioisotopes; Muscimol; Flumazenil; tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate; Diazepam;
Mesh terms: Animals; Brain/metabolism; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds; Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Diazepam/pharmacology; Flumazenil; Hepatic Encephalopathy/pathology; Kinetics; Ligands; Male; Mass Spectrometry; Muscimol; Peripheral Nerves/metabolism; Rabbits; Radioligand Assay; Receptors, GABA-A/physiology; Sulfur Radioisotopes;