Medial medullary contribution to tonic descending inhibition of visceral input.

Article date: 1991/9/1

PubMed ID: 1887961

Journal name: The American journal of physiology (ISSN: 0002-9513)


In the present study, we sought to define the extent and source of tonic descending modulation of spinal neurons receiving visceral input from the afferent renal nerve (ARN). Spinal gray neurons responding to stimulation of the ARN in 64 chloralose-anesthetized rats were located primarily in laminae IV and V (70%), with fewer neurons located in laminae I and VII. ARN stimulation excited 76 and inhibited 8 neurons. Analysis of response latencies demonstrated that responses were due to activation of A delta- and/or C-fiber afferents. Reversible spinalization with cervical cold block (2-5 degrees C) affected activity in most neurons excited by ARN stimulation without affecting inhibited neurons. Cervical cold block increased the spontaneous activity of (disinhibited) the majority of neurons (54 of 76 neurons) and disfacilitated the spontaneous activity of 14 neurons. The evoked response to ARN stimulation was disinhibited by cold block in 51% and disfacilitated in 17% of the neurons, and there was a good correlation between neurons with disinhibited spontaneous activity and those with disinhibited evoked activity. Microinjections of muscimol (0.5-1 nmol) into the rostral medial medulla affected spontaneous and ARN-evoked activities similarly to cold block in 14 of 15 neurons, although the responses to muscimol were usually smaller in magnitude. We conclude that ARN input is modulated supraspinally and that the nucleus raphe magnus and adjacent neuropil contain neurons that contribute to tonic supraspinal inhibition of renal input in the rat.

Author List: Holt I L, Akeyson E W, Knuepfer M M

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Muscimol;

Mesh terms: Afferent Pathways/physiology; Animals; Electric Stimulation; Evoked Potentials; Kidney Medulla/innervation; Male; Medulla Oblongata/drug effects; Membrane Potentials; Muscimol/pharmacology; Nerve Fibers/physiology; Neurons/drug effects; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Spinal Cord/physiology;

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