Dynamic characteristics and adaptability of mouse vestibulo-ocular and optokinetic response eye movements and the role of the flocculo-olivary system revealed by chemical lesions.

Article date: 1998/6/24

PubMed ID: 1893093

Journal name: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (ISSN: 0027-8424)


The dynamic characteristics of reflex eye movements were measured in two strains of chronically prepared mice by using an infrared television camera system. The horizontal vestibulo-ocular reflex (HVOR) and horizontal optokinetic response (HOKR) were induced by sinusoidal oscillations of a turntable, in darkness, by 10 degrees (peak to peak) at 0.11-0.50 Hz and of a checked-pattern screen, in light, by 5-20 degreesat 0.11-0.17 Hz, respectively. The gains and phases of the HVOR and HOKR of the C57BL/6 mice were nearly equivalent to those of rabbits and rats, whereas the 129/Sv mice exhibited very low gains in the HVOR and moderate phase lags in the HOKR, suggesting an inherent sensory-motor anomaly. Adaptability of the HOKR was examined in C57BL/6 mice by sustained screen oscillation. When the screen was oscillated by 10 degrees at 0.17 Hz, which induced sufficient retinal slips, the gain of the HOKR increased by 0.08 in 1 h on average, whereas the stimuli that induced relatively small or no retinal slips affected the gain very little. Lesions of the flocculi induced by local applications of 0. 1% ibotenic acid and lesions of the inferior olivary nuclei induced by i.p. injection of 3-acetylpyridine in C57BL/6 mice little affected the dynamic characteristics of the HVOR and HOKR, but abolished the adaptation of the HOKR. These results indicate that the olivo-floccular system plays an essential role in the adaptive control of the ocular reflex in mice, as suggested in other animal species. The data presented provide the basis for analyzing the reflex eye movements of genetically engineered mice.

Author List: Katoh A, Kitazawa H, Itohara S, Nagao S

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists; Ibotenic Acid;

Mesh terms: Animals; Evoked Potentials; Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists/pharmacology; Eye Movements/physiology; Ibotenic Acid/pharmacology; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Olivary Nucleus/drug effects; Rabbits; Rats; Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular/physiology;

Citations: - 1673913

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