Article date: 1990/10/1
PubMed ID: 1964222
Journal name: Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior (ISSN: 0091-3057)
A model for the development of pentobarbital tolerance and dependence was characterized and correlated with changes in radioligand binding to the GABAA-benzodiazepine receptor chloride channel complex. While one day of pentobarbital exposure decreased the duration of loss of righting reflex, tolerance to the hypothermic effects of thiopental and barbital took 7 days to develop, indicating that pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic tolerance are separable. Increased sensitivity to pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures was first observed after 3 days of pentobarbital exposure, suggesting brain areas involved in seizure control develop tolerance to, and dependence on pentobarbital faster than those involved in temperature regulation. Acute exposure to pentobarbital in vivo did not affect cortical binding of [3H]muscimol in vitro, while tolerance caused a decrease in binding due to an increase in the low-affinity site KD. Pentobarbital tolerance also caused a decrease in the cortical binding of the benzodiazepine, [3H]flunitrazepam. These observations suggest that the acute effects of barbiturates on the GABAA receptor complex are reversible, while tolerance causes receptor modifications which may be related to the development of physical dependence.
Author List: Saunders P A, Ito Y, Baker M L, Hume A S, Ho I K
Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Receptors, GABA-A; Pentobarbital;
Mesh terms: Animals; Drug Tolerance; Male; Pentobarbital/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/metabolism;