Article date: 1990/5/15
PubMed ID: 1970819
Journal name: The Journal of biological chemistry (ISSN: 0021-9258)
The receptors on neuronal membranes for N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), an analog of L-glutamic acid, are the focus of intensive study because of their importance in many neurophysiological and neuropathological states. Since there is very little knowledge of the molecular characteristics of the NMDA receptors, we undertook the development of methods for the solubilization and purification of proteins that form the receptor complex. Optimal conditions for solubilization of NMDA receptors from isolated synaptic plasma membranes involved the use of the zwitterionic detergent 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-1-propane-sulfonate (CHAPS) together with NH4SCN, 10% glycerol, and the nonionic detergent polyoxyethylene 10 tridecyl ether. The presence of NMDA receptors was monitored as the binding activity for the specific NMDA receptor ligand 3-((+-)-2-carboxypiperazine-4-yl)-[1,2-3H]propyl-1-phosphonic acid ([3H]CPP). Approximately 50% of membrane proteins were solubilized, and an equal quantitative recovery of [3H]CPP-binding proteins was achieved. The selectivity of [3H] CPP-binding proteins for excitatory amino acid agonists and aminophosphonocarboxylic acid antagonists remained essentially unchanged following solubilization. The effect of the NMDA receptor modulator, glycine, and of the ion channel-blocking cation Mg2+ on [3H]CPP-binding proteins was drastically altered by solubilization. Both became activators of [3H]CPP-binding sites. The NMDA receptor agonist ibotenic acid was used to develop an affinity matrix for the isolation of the NMDA receptor complex. The [3H]CPP-binding proteins were selectively eluted by the introduction of 2 mM Mg2+ in the elution buffers. This fraction was highly enriched in CPP-binding entities and in a protein of 58-60-kDa molecular size. The CPP binding activity of the proteins in this fraction was enriched by a factor of approximately 20,000 over that of brain homogenate. There was no L-[3H]glutamate binding activity associated with this fraction. Proteins interacting with glutamate, NMDA, and ibotenate were recovered in the 1 M KCl-eluted fraction. We propose that the 58-60-kDa protein is the aminophosphonocarboxylic acid antagonist-binding subunit of the NMDA receptor complex.
Author List: Cunningham M D, Michaelis E K
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Cholic Acids; Glutamates; Piperazines; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; Receptors, Neurotransmitter; Ibotenic Acid; Glutamic Acid; 3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonic acid; Edetic Acid; Magnesium; 3-((3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonium)-1-propanesulfonate; Glycine;
Mesh terms: Animals; Brain Chemistry; Cholic Acids; Chromatography, Affinity; Edetic Acid/pharmacology; Glutamates/metabolism; Glutamic Acid; Glycine/pharmacology; Ibotenic Acid/metabolism; Magnesium/pharmacology; Male; Piperazines/metabolism; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; Receptors, Neurotransmitter/isolation & purification; Solubility; Synaptic Membranes/analysis;