Article date: 1991/1/1
PubMed ID: 1984006
Journal name: Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism : official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism (ISSN: 0271-678X)
Recently, accumulated data have suggested that the nucleus basalis magnocellularis, i.e., the substantia innominata (SI), may represent the primary source of central cholinergic innervation in the rat cortical vasculature. We therefore examined the effects of unilateral lesion of the SI on the autoregulation of local CBF (lCBF) during induced hypotension in rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into three groups. The animals of groups 1 and 2 received an injection of 5 micrograms of ibotenate into the right SI stereotaxically. At 7 days after the injection, the lCBF was measured by the [14C]iodoantipyrine technique in the awake state. Group 1 was used as the normotensive group (MABP = 113.1 +/- 12.2 mm Hg). Group 2 formed the hypotensive group, and the lCBF was measured during hypotension (MABP = 80.0 +/- 5.5 mm Hg) induced by hemorrhage. Group 3, the sham-operated normotensive group, received vehicle injection into the right SI at 7 days prior to the lCBF measurement. In group 1, lCBF was significantly lower in the frontal, parietal, temporal, and striate cortices on the lesioned side compared to that on the contralateral side. In group 2, lCBF was significantly decreased in the cortices on the lesioned side, but there was no significant difference in magnitude of the lCBF reduction between groups 1 and 2. Group 3 exhibited no hemispheric asymmetries in lCBF. These findings suggest that the SI exerts an influence on cortical lCBF, but does not play a role in the autoregulation of lCBF during hypotension.
Author List: Gomi S, Gotoh F, Ishihara N, Tanaka K, Ishikawa Y, Takashima S, Mihara B
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Ibotenic Acid;
Mesh terms: Animals; Autoradiography; Blood Flow Velocity; Blood Pressure; Cerebral Cortex/blood supply; Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology; Frontal Lobe/blood supply; Homeostasis; Ibotenic Acid/pharmacology; Male; Parietal Lobe/blood supply; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Substantia Innominata/drug effects; Temporal Lobe/blood supply; Visual Cortex/blood supply;