2094912

Inactivation of medial prefrontal cortex or acute stress impairs odor span in rats.

Article date: 2014/7/2

PubMed ID: 2094912

Journal name: Learning & memory (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.) (ISSN: 1549-5485)

DOI: 10.1101/lm.032243.113

ABSTRACT

The capacity of working memory is limited and is altered in brain disorders including schizophrenia. In rodent working memory tasks, capacity is typically not measured (at least not explicitly). One task that does measure working memory capacity is the odor span task (OST) developed by Dudchenko and colleagues. In separate experiments, the effects of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) inactivation or acute stress on the OST were assessed in rats. Inactivation of the mPFC profoundly impaired odor span without affecting olfactory sensitivity. Acute stress also significantly reduced odor span. These findings support a potential role of the OST in developing novel therapeutics for disorders characterized by impaired working memory capacity.

Author List: Davies Don A, Molder Joel J, Greba Quentin, Howland John G

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Article Date: 2013/11/15

Substances mentioned in the article: GABA-A Receptor Agonists; Muscimol;

Mesh terms: Animals; Conditioning, Classical/drug effects; GABA-A Receptor Agonists/pharmacology; Male; Memory, Short-Term/drug effects; Muscimol/pharmacology; Odorants; Olfaction Disorders/etiology; Prefrontal Cortex/drug effects; Rats; Rats, Long-Evans; Reaction Time/drug effects; Reward; Statistics, Nonparametric; Stress, Psychological/complications;

Citations: - 15071717

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