Increased expression of glutamic acid decarboxylase mRNA in rat substantia nigra after an ibotenic acid lesion in the caudate-putamen.

Article date: 1990/4/1

PubMed ID: 2159580

Journal name: Brain research. Molecular brain research (ISSN: 0169-328X)


In situ hybridization histochemistry and RNA blots were used to study expression of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) mRNA in rat caudate-nucleus and substantia nigra. In situ hybridization combined with computerized image analysis revealed that in the intact substantia nigra reticulata the cross-section area of GAD mRNA positive neurons were 25% larger in the dorsolateral part as compared with the ventromedial part. A unilateral ibotenic acid injection in caudate-putamen lesioned neurons, some of which project to the ipsilateral substantia nigra. An increased level of GAD mRNA was observed in substantia nigra ipsilateral to the lesion. Computerized image analysis of sections from in situ hybridization revealed an increase in the number of silver grains over GAD mRNA positive neurons in the dorsolateral substantia nigra reticulata ipsilateral to the lesion. However, no change was observed in the ventromedial part suggesting that GAD mRNA expression in this part of the nigra is less sensitive to inhibition by caudate-putamen afferents. In agreement with in situ experiments, RNA blots showed a 2-fold increased level of GAD mRNA in substantia nigra ipsilateral to the lesion. The increased GAD mRNA expression in the deafferented substantia nigra suggests a disinhibition of nigral GABA neurons, resulting in an increased utilization of GABA in these substantia nigra neurons.

Author List: Lindefors N, Brené S, Persson H

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: RNA, Messenger; Ibotenic Acid; Glutamate Decarboxylase;

Mesh terms: Animals; Corpus Striatum/drug effects; Gene Expression Regulation; Glutamate Decarboxylase/genetics; Ibotenic Acid; Image Processing, Computer-Assisted; Male; Nucleic Acid Hybridization; RNA, Messenger/metabolism; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Substantia Nigra/metabolism;

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