Binding interactions of convulsant and anticonvulsant gamma-butyrolactones and gamma-thiobutyrolactones with the picrotoxin receptor.

Article date: 1990/8/1

PubMed ID: 2166797

Journal name: The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics (ISSN: 0022-3565)


Alkyl-substituted gamma-butyrolactones (GBLs) and gamma-thiobutyrolactones (TBLs) are neuroactive chemicals. beta-Substituted compounds are convulsant, whereas alpha-alkyl substituted GBLs and TBLs are anticonvulsant. The structural similarities between beta-alkyl GBLs and the convulsant picrotoxinin suggested that alkyl substituted GBLs and TBLs act at the picrotoxin receptor. To test this hypothesis we examined the interactions of convulsant and anticonvulsant GBLs and TBLs with the picrotoxin, benzodiazepine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) binding sites of the GABA receptor complex. All of these convulsants and anticonvulsants studied competitively displaced 35S-t-butylbicyclophosphorothionate (35S-TBPS), a ligand that binds to the picrotoxin receptor. This inhibition of 35S-TBPS binding was not blocked by the GABA antagonist bicuculline methobromide. The convulsant GBLs and TBLs also partially inhibited [3H]muscimol binding to the GABA site and [3H]flunitrazepam binding to the benzodiazepine site, but they did so at concentrations substantially greater than those that inhibited 35S-TBPS binding. The anticonvulsant GBLs and TBLs had no effect on either [3H]muscimol or [3H]flunitrazepam binding. In contrast to the GBLs and TBLs, pentobarbital inhibited TBPS binding in a manner that was blocked by bicuculline methobromide, and it enhanced both [3H]flunitrazepam and [3H]muscimol binding. Both ethosuximide and tetramethylsuccinimide, neuroactive compounds structurally similar to GBLs, competitively displaced 35S-TBPS from the picrotoxin receptor and both compounds were weak inhibitors of [3H] muscimol binding. In addition, ethosuximide also partially diminished [3H]flunitrazepam binding. These data demonstrate that the site of action of alkyl-substituted GBLs and TBLs is different from that of GABA, barbiturates and benzodiazepines. We suggest that the GBLs and TBLs act at the picrotoxin receptor.

Author List: Holland K D, McKeon A C, Covey D F, Ferrendelli J A

Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Anticonvulsants; Convulsants; Furans; Receptors, GABA-A; Sulfhydryl Compounds; picrotoxinin receptor; Tritium; Muscimol; Flunitrazepam; 4-Butyrolactone;

Mesh terms: 4-Butyrolactone/analogs & derivatives; Animals; Anticonvulsants/metabolism; Binding Sites; Binding, Competitive; Brain/drug effects; Cells, Cultured; Convulsants/metabolism; Female; Flunitrazepam/metabolism; Furans/metabolism; Muscimol/metabolism; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/metabolism; Stereoisomerism; Structure-Activity Relationship; Sulfhydryl Compounds/metabolism; Tritium/therapeutic use;

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