Article date: 1990/1/1
PubMed ID: 2169560
Journal name: Life sciences (ISSN: 0024-3205)
Dihydroergosine (50 and 100 mg/kg) enhanced the incidence of bicuculline (3 mg/kg)-induced convulsions in female rats, while 100 mg/kg of dihydroergosine given to female mice made 45% convulsive dose of bicuculline (2.5 mg/kg) to be subconvulsive. The same dose of dihydroergosine enhanced in mice the latency of bicuculline (4 mg/kg)-induced convulsions. Although, in in vitro experiments dihydroergosine showed very weak ability to prevent the binding of 3H-muscimol, the drug was able to diminish and to augment the IC50 of bicuculline and GABA when added to crude synaptosomal pellet of the rat and mouse brain respectively. Lower concentrations of dihydroergosine stimulated and higher inhibited 3H-TBOB binding to the crude synaptosomal pellet of the rat brain. In the preparation of mouse brain dihydroergosine produced only inhibition of 3H-TBOB binding. Only slight quantitative differences were observed in bicuculline-induced stimulation and in GABA- and diazepam-induced inhibition of 3H-TBOB binding between the two species. The results suggest that the opposite species-dependent effects of dihydroergosine on bicuculline-induced convulsions are due to the ability of this drug to modulate species-dependently the benzodiazepine/GABA receptor chloride channel complex.
Author List: Pericić D, Tvrdeić A
Publication Types: Journal Article
Substances mentioned in the article: Chloride Channels; Ergotamines; Membrane Proteins; Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; 9,10-dihydroergosine; Diazepam; Bicuculline;
Mesh terms: Animals; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Brain/drug effects; Chloride Channels; Diazepam/pharmacology; Ergotamines/administration & dosage; Female; In Vitro Techniques; Membrane Proteins/drug effects; Mice; Mice, Inbred CBA; Muscimol/metabolism; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Seizures/chemically induced; Species Specificity; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;