2175352

Electrical stimulation of cervical vagal afferents. I. Central relays for modulation of spinal nociceptive transmission.

Article date: 1990/10/1

PubMed ID: 2175352

Journal name: Journal of neurophysiology (ISSN: 0022-3077)

ABSTRACT

1. Supraspinal relays for vagal afferent modulation of responses of spinal dorsal horn neurons to 50 degrees C heating of the skin were examined by the use of nonselective, reversible local anesthesia or soma-selective, irreversible neurotoxic damage of neural tissue. Eighty-five neurons were isolated in the lumbar spinal dorsal horn of 80 pentobarbital-anesthetized, paralyzed rats. All neurons studied had receptive fields on the glabrous skin of the plantar surface of the ipsilateral hind paw and responded to mechanical stimuli of both low and high intensity as well as noxious thermal stimulation. 2. Intensity-dependent modulation by vagal afferent stimulation (VAS) of neuronal responses to heating of the skin was established. Responses of 40 units were facilitated by low and inhibited by greater intensities of VAS. Another 36 units were only inhibited by VAS, and four were only facilitated. 3. Local anesthesia of the dorsolateral pons by bilateral microinjections of lidocaine (4%, 0.5 microliter) were made to examine the contribution of this area to VAS-produced spinal modulation. The microinjection of lidocaine bilaterally into the ventral locus coeruleus/subcoeruleus (LC/SC) reversibly and significantly attenuated VAS-produced inhibition of unit responses to heat from 63 to 89% of control and abolished VAS-produced facilitation. The microinjection of lidocaine bilaterally into the dorsal LC had no significant effect on VAS-produced modulation of spinal dorsal horn neurons. 4. Ibotenic acid (10 micrograms, 0.5 microliter) was microinjected into the dorsolateral pons to determine the relative contributions of cell bodies in this area to VAS-produced spinal modulation. Unilateral microinjection of ibotenic acid into the LC/SC ipsilateral to the vagus nerve stimulated had no significant effect on VAS-produced inhibition but significantly attenuated VAS-produced facilitation of unit responses to heat. Bilateral microinjections of ibotenic acid significantly attenuated VAS-produced inhibition of unit responses to heat from 48 to 94% of control. 5. Local anesthesia of the medial rostroventral medulla (RVM), primarily the nucleus raphe magnus (NRM), significantly attenuated VAS-produced inhibition of unit responses to heat from 55 to 87% of control but had no significant effect on VAS-produced facilitation. Microinjection of ibotenic acid into the RVM also significantly reduced VAS-produced inhibition of unit responses to heat. No significant change in VAS-produced spinal modulation was found after lidocaine microinjection into areas dorsal to the NRM, the nucleus raphe pallidus, or the olivary nucleus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Author List: Ren K, Randich A, Gebhart G F

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Ibotenic Acid; Lidocaine;

Mesh terms: Animals; Blood Pressure/drug effects; Decerebrate State; Electric Stimulation; Ibotenic Acid/administration & dosage; Lidocaine/administration & dosage; Locus Coeruleus/physiology; Male; Medulla Oblongata/physiology; Microinjections; Neurons, Afferent/physiology; Nociceptors/physiology; Pons/physiology; Raphe Nuclei/physiology; Rats; Reticular Formation/physiology; Spinal Cord/physiology; Synaptic Transmission/physiology; Vagus Nerve/physiology;

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