2191728

Reversible inactivation of rostral nucleus raphe pallidus attenuates acute autonomic responses but not their habituation to repeated audiogenic stress in rats.

Article date: 2016/12/15

PubMed ID: 2191728

Journal name: Stress (Amsterdam, Netherlands) (ISSN: 1607-8888)

DOI: 10.3109/10253890.2016.1160281

ABSTRACT

The medullary nucleus raphe pallidus (RPa) mediates several autonomic responses evoked by acute stress exposure, including tachycardia and hyperthermia. The present study assessed whether the RPa contributes to the decline/habituation of these responses observed during repeated audiogenic stress. Adult male rats were implanted with cannulae aimed at the RPa, and abdominal E-mitters that wirelessly acquire heart rate and core body temperature. After surgical recovery, animals were injected with muscimol or vehicle (aCSF) in the RPa region, followed by 30 min of 95-dBA loud noise or no noise control exposures on 3 consecutive days at 24-h intervals. Forty-eight hours after the third exposure, animals were exposed to an additional, but injection-free, loud noise or no noise test to assess habituation of hyperthermia and tachycardia. Three days later, rats were restrained for 30-min to evaluate their ability to display normal acute autonomic responses following the repeated muscimol injection regimen. The results indicated that the inhibition of cellular activity induced by the GABAA-receptor agonist muscimol centered in the RPa region reliably attenuated acute audiogenic stress-evoked tachycardia and hyperthermia, compared with vehicle-injected rats. Animals in the stress groups exhibited similar attenuated tachycardia and hyperthermia during the injection-free fourth audiogenic stress exposure, and displayed similar and robust increases in these responses to the subsequent restraint test. These results suggest that cellular activity in neurons of the RPa region is necessary for the expression of acute audiogenic stress-induced tachycardia and hyperthermia, but may not be necessary for the acquisition of habituated tachycardic responses to repeated stress.

Author List: Nyhuis Tara J, Masini Cher V, Taufer Kirsten L, Day Heidi E W, Campeau Serge

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Article Date: 2016/03/21

Substances mentioned in the article: GABA-A Receptor Agonists; Muscimol;

Mesh terms: Animals; Autonomic Nervous System/drug effects; GABA-A Receptor Agonists/pharmacology; Heart Rate/drug effects; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Noise; Nucleus Raphe Pallidus/drug effects; Rats; Rats, Sprague-Dawley; Stress, Psychological/physiopathology;

Citations: - 10369045

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