Electrical activity and feeding correlates of intracranial hypothalamic injection of GABA, muscimol and picrotoxin in the rats.

Article date: 1990/1/1

PubMed ID: 2220435

Journal name: Acta neurobiologiae experimentalis (ISSN: 0065-1400)


Assemblies of electrodes and a cannula were stereotaxically implanted in the ventromedial (VMH), lateral (LHA) and paraventricular (PVH) hypothalamic areas in male albino rats. Electrical activity of these regions was recorded electrographically before and following intracranial injection (ICI) of GABA, muscimol and picrotoxin. In another set of animals, food intake and water intake were also measured. The activity of the ventromedial hypothalamus changed from slow to fast after ICI of GABA and picrotoxin and fast to slow after muscimol. The activity of the lateral hypothalamus changed from slow to fast with ICI of muscimol and picrotoxin and from fast to slow with GABA, while that of the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus changed from slow to fast with ICI GABA and fast to slow with muscimol and picrotoxin. ICI of GABA into VMH and LHA and muscimol in VMH, LHA and PVH caused a decrease in food intake. Water intake was also decreased after ICI of GABA in PVH and muscimol in LHA and PVH. On the opposite picrotoxin increased food intake in VMA and LHA and water intake in PVH. The possible interaction of GABAergic drugs with the areas of the brain controlling feeding and drinking is being discussed.

Author List: Rattan A K, Mangat H K

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Picrotoxin; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid;

Mesh terms: Action Potentials/drug effects; Animals; Drinking Behavior/drug effects; Feeding Behavior/drug effects; Hypothalamus/drug effects; Male; Microinjections; Muscimol/pharmacology; Picrotoxin/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;

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