Article date: 1990/9/1
PubMed ID: 2262664
Journal name: Journal of the autonomic nervous system (ISSN: 0165-1838)
In NaCl-sensitive spontaneously hypertensive rats, diets high in NaCl increase arterial pressure and peripheral sympathetic nervous system activity and decrease the sympatho-inhibition mediated by the anterior hypothalamic area. To test the importance of the defect in anterior hypothalamic area-mediated sympatho-inhibition in the pathogenesis of NaCl-sensitive hypertension, bilateral ibotenic acid lesions of the anterior hypothalamic area were made in NaCl-sensitive spontaneous hypertensive rats, in NaCl-resistant spontaneously hypertensive rats and in normotensive, NaCl-resistant Wistar Kyoto rats. In NaCl-sensitive spontaneous hypertensive rats on a basal NaCl diet, the anterior hypothalamic area lesions caused a rapid rise in arterial pressure within the first week after surgery; by 21 days after surgery, mean systolic arterial pressure of the lesion group was 24 mmHg higher than that of the sham-operated group. In a second experiment, NaCl-sensitive spontaneous hypertensive rats were placed on an 8% NaCl diet 1 day after the lesion of the anterior hypothalamic area. 5 days after the operation, the lesion group of NaCl-sensitive spontaneous hypertensive rats on the 8% NaCl diet had a significantly higher arterial pressure than the sham-operated group, but by 1 week after the lesion, arterial pressures were not significantly different between the lesion and sham-operated NaCl-sensitive spontaneous hypertensive rats on the high NaCl diet. In Wistar Kyoto rats on a basal NaCl diet, lesions of the anterior hypothalamic area resulted in a small, transient elevation of arterial pressure, but no sustained effect. In NaCl-resistant spontaneous hypertensive rats, the anterior hypothalamic area lesions did not affect arterial pressure.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Author List: Wyss J M, Yang R H, Oparil S
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Sodium Chloride;
Mesh terms: Animals; Anterior Hypothalamic Nucleus/pathology; Blood Pressure/drug effects; Diet; Drug Resistance; Male; Rats; Rats, Inbred SHR; Rats, Inbred WKY; Sodium Chloride/administration & dosage; Time Factors;