Article date: 1990/11/5
PubMed ID: 2282510
Journal name: Brain research (ISSN: 0006-8993)
Previous studies have demonstrated that increased mesolimbic dopamine (DA) activity disrupts sensorimotor gating as measured by prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response (ASR) in rats. Other behavioral changes following mesolimbic DA activation are mediated through GABAergic efferent projections from the nucleus accumbens (NAC) to the ventral pallidum (VP). In this experiment, we examined whether PPI deficits in rats following mesolimbic DA activation are mediated through these same GABAergic substrates. PPI was significantly disrupted in rats following infusion of DA (40 micrograms) into the NAC, and this effect was reversed by infusion of a low dose (10 ng) of the GABA agonist muscimol into the VP. In a second experiment, we tested the hypothesis and the loss of PPI following intra-NAC DA infusion results from a disruption of GABAergic activity within the VP. Consistent with this hypothesis, infusion of the GABA antagonist picrotoxin (0-0.2 micrograms) into the VP caused a significant loss of PPI. These findings strongly suggest that the accumbens-ventral pallidal GABAergic circuitry is a substrate for the decrease in sensorimotor gating induced by mesolimbic DA overactivity.
Author List: Swerdlow N R, Braff D L, Geyer M A
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Dopamine;
Mesh terms: Acoustic Stimulation; Animals; Dopamine/physiology; Globus Pallidus/physiology; Male; Neural Pathways/physiology; Nucleus Accumbens/physiology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Reflex, Startle/physiology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/physiology;