Solubilization and partial purification of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid binding sites from rat brain.

Article date: 1990/1/1

PubMed ID: 2293604

Journal name: Journal of neurochemistry (ISSN: 0022-3042)


alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) binding sites were solubilized from rat brain membranes using 1% Triton X-100 in 0.5 M potassium phosphate buffer containing 20% glycerol. The solubilized binding sites were stable, permitting biochemical and pharmacological characterization as well as partial purification. Pharmacological and binding analyses indicated that the solubilized binding sites were similar to the membrane-bound sites. Both the solubilized and the membrane-bound preparations contained high- and low-affinity AMPA binding sites in the presence of potassium thiocyanate. A similar rank order for inhibition of [3H]AMPA binding by several excitatory amino acid analogs was obtained for the soluble and membrane-bound preparations. [3H]AMPA binding to both soluble and membrane-bound preparations was increased in the presence of potassium thiocyanate. The solubilized AMPA binding sites migrated as a single peak with gel filtration chromatography, with an Mr of 425,000. Beginning with the solubilized preparation, AMPA binding sites were purified 54-fold with ion-exchange chromatography and gel filtration. The characterization and purification of these soluble binding sites is potentially useful for the molecular characterization of this putative excitatory amino acid receptor subtype.

Author List: Hunter C, Wheaton K D, Wenthold R J

Publication Types: Journal Article

Substances mentioned in the article: Oxazoles; Surface-Active Agents; Ibotenic Acid; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;

Mesh terms: Animals; Binding Sites; Brain/metabolism; Cell Membrane/metabolism; Chromatography, Gel; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; Kinetics; Male; Molecular Weight; Oxazoles/metabolism; Radioligand Assay; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Solubility; Surface-Active Agents; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid;

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