Cataleptic and anticataleptic effects of muscimol and gabaculine injected into globus pallidus and substantia nigra, and interactions with haloperidol or benzodiazepines.

Article date: 1978/12/27

PubMed ID: 242199

Journal name: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's archives of pharmacology (ISSN: 0028-1298)


Intranigral injection of muscimol induced hyperactivity in rats and antagonized haloperidol-induced catalepsy. Intranigral injection of gabaculine, an inhibitor of GABA transaminase, induced similar effects 5h after injection, when the nigral GABA content was increased 7-fold. On the other hand, injections of muscimol (30 ng) into the globus pallidus potentiated the cataleptic effect of haloperidol, and muscimol alone in high doses (100 and 200 ng) induced catalepsy. Gabaculine also induced catalepsy of medium intensity and potentiated the effect of haloperidol 24h after injection, when GABA was increased in the globus pallidus as well as in the substantia nigra. Injections of muscimol into either the globus pallidus or substantia nigra increased striatal HVA and enhanced haloperidol-induced elevation of HVA. Three benzodiazepines, nitrazepam, diazepam and chlordiazepoxide administered orally, potentiated the effect of muscimol (30 ng) injected into the globus pallidus and induced catalepsy. A similar effect was not obtained with phenobarbital. It is suggested that stimulation of GABA receptor or increase of GABA content in the sustantia nigra antagonize haloperidol-induced catalepsy by activation of nigral dopaminergic system, and that enhancement of pallidal GABA function induces catalepsy by non-dopaminergic mechanisms. Potentiation of haloperidol-induced catalepsy by benzodiazepines may be due to enhancement of GABA-ergic transmission within the globus pallidus.

Author List: Matsui Y, Kamioka T

Publication Types: Journal Article

Substances mentioned in the article: Anti-Anxiety Agents; Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids; Cyclohexylamines; Oxazoles; Benzodiazepines; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Transaminases; 4-Aminobutyrate Transaminase; Haloperidol; Homovanillic Acid;

Mesh terms: 4-Aminobutyrate Transaminase/antagonists & inhibitors; Animals; Anti-Anxiety Agents/pharmacology; Benzodiazepines; Catalepsy/chemically induced; Corpus Striatum/metabolism; Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids/pharmacology; Cyclohexylamines/pharmacology; Drug Interactions; Globus Pallidus/metabolism; Haloperidol/pharmacology; Homovanillic Acid/metabolism; Humans; Injections; Male; Muscimol/administration & dosage; Oxazoles/pharmacology; Rats; Substantia Nigra/metabolism; Transaminases/antagonists & inhibitors; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/metabolism;

Citations: - 5137301

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