2423184

Striatonigral GABA, dynorphin, substance P and neurokinin A modulation of nigrostriatal dopamine release: evidence for direct regulatory mechanisms.

Article date: 1990/1/1

PubMed ID: 2423184

Journal name: Experimental brain research (ISSN: 0014-4819)

ABSTRACT

The striatonigral pathway contains several neurotransmitters which may regulate the activity of the nigrostriatal dopamine projection in the rat. This was investigated by measuring extracellular dopamine levels in the striatum, using microdialysis, after injections of GABA (300 nmol/0.2 microliters), dynorphin A (0.5 nmol/0.2 microliters), substance P (0.07 mnol/0.2 microliters) or neurokinin A (0.09 nmol/0.2 microliters) into the ipsilateral substantia nigra, pars reticulata (SNR). Intranigral injections of GABA or dynorphin A inhibited, while intranigral injections of substance P or neurokinin A stimulated dopamine levels in the ipsilateral striatum. In rats with ibotenic acid lesions (2.5 micrograms/0.5 microliters) in the SNR, intranigral injections of GABA or dynorphin A inhibited, while intranigral injections of substance P or neurokinin A stimulated dopamine levels in the ipsilateral striatum. These responses were not significantly different than those in unlesioned rats. Analysis of the intranigral lesion with in situ hybridization revealed a heavy loss of glutamic acid decarboxylase mRNA expression in the SNR and a significant loss of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA expression in the SNC. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a disappearance of TH-Like immunoreactivity (LI) im dendrites in the SNR, a considerable loss of TH-LI cell bodies in the SNC and a restricted loss of neuropeptide K-LI in the SNR around the tip of the injection cannula. Furthermore, lesioned rats rotated ipsilateral to the lesion after apomorphine (1 mg/kg, s.c.), indicating that the basal ganglia output mediated via the SNR GABA neurons was impaired on the lesioned side. Analysis of the striatum revealed that a dense TH-LI fiber network could still be seen on the lesioned side. Furthermore, basal and amphetamine stimulated extracellular dopamine levels in the striatum on the lesioned side were not significantly depleted. This indicates that the ascending nigrostriatal dopamine projection was functionally intact on the lesioned side. These findings indicate that intranigral GABA, dynorphin A, substance P and neurokinin A modulation of ipsilateral striatal dopamine release is mediated via direct action on the nigrostriatal projection. Thus, it is suggested that the striatonigral pathway, which contains GABA, dynorphin, substance P and neurokinin A, exerts a direct regulatory effect on the activity of the nigrostriatal dopamine projection.

Author List: Reid M S, Herrera-Marschitz M, Hökfelt T, Lindefors N, Persson H, Ungerstedt U

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Ibotenic Acid; Substance P; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Dynorphins; Neurokinin A; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase; Dopamine;

Mesh terms: Animals; Corpus Striatum/metabolism; Dialysis; Dopamine/metabolism; Dynorphins/pharmacology; Ibotenic Acid/pharmacology; Immunohistochemistry; Male; Neurokinin A/pharmacology; Nucleic Acid Hybridization; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Reticular Formation/physiology; Substance P/pharmacology; Substantia Nigra/metabolism; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase/metabolism; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;

Citations: - 13574437

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