Baclofen, gamma-aminobutyric acidB receptors and substance P in the mouse spinal cord.

Article date: 1989/3/1

PubMed ID: 2467977

Journal name: The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics (ISSN: 0022-3565)


Antinociceptive effects of baclofen, a gamma-aminobutyric acidB (GABAB) agonist, were studied in mice along with other GABAergic agents, all administered intrathecally (i.t.): i.e., muscimol (GABAA agonist), bicuculline (GABAA antagonist) and 5-aminovaleric acid (GABAB antagonist). After i.t. administration, none of the four compounds increased the withdrawal latency in the tail-flick test. With the intradermal hypertonic saline (6% saline) behavioral test, baclofen decreased the number of behaviors in a dose-dependent and 5-aminovaleric acid-reversible manner, whereas i.t. administered muscimol was ineffective. With the i.t. substance P (SP) behavioral test, muscimol was again ineffective, whereas the SP-induced behaviors were differentially modified by baclofen depending on the temporal order of their i.t. administration. Although baclofen, coadministered with SP, decreased the number of SP-induced behaviors, baclofen pretreatment (2-100 min before i.t. administration of SP) increased the number of behaviors in a dose-dependent and 5-aminovaleric acid-reversible manner. Two minutes after several fixed doses of baclofen were administered i.t., dose-response curves for induction of behaviors by SP (i.t.) were shifted progressively to the left by increasing doses of baclofen, suggesting that hypersensitivity to SP had developed during this time frame. Decreased responsiveness to a peripheral noxious stimulus (hypertonic saline-induced behavior) is therefore associated with hypersensitivity to i.t. applied SP (SP behavioral test). The selective action of a GABAB agonist on neurokinin-elicited behaviors shown in this study is in clear contrast to the selective action of a GABA agonist against excitatory amino acid spinal activity noted in the following paper.

Author List: Hwang A S, Wilcox G L

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Amino Acids; Amino Acids, Neutral; Analgesics; Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; Substance P; 5-aminovaleric acid; Baclofen;

Mesh terms: Amino Acids/pharmacology; Amino Acids, Neutral; Analgesics/pharmacology; Animals; Baclofen/pharmacology; Dose-Response Relationship, Drug; Mice; Muscimol/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Spinal Cord/drug effects; Substance P/pharmacology;

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