Article date: 1989/10/9
PubMed ID: 2530475
Journal name: Neuroscience letters (ISSN: 0304-3940)
Striatal microdialysis was performed in awake rats in an attempt to produce extracellular quinolinic acid (QUIN) from its putative bioprecursors L-tryptophan, L-kynurenine and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3HANA). Test compounds were included in the microperfusion solution. QUIN concentrations in the dialysate remained below the assay sensitivity (i.e. less than 20 nM) under baseline conditions or after extensive perfusion with 1 mM L-tryptophan or L-kynurenine. 3HANA (10-300 microM) caused dose-dependent increases in extracellular QUIN, which attained steady-state concentrations after 4 h. The initial rate of QUIN production was significantly increased in the ibotenate-lesioned striatum, suggesting a pivotal role of astroglia in the deposition of brain QUIN.
Author List: Speciale C, Ungerstedt U, Schwarcz R
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Substances mentioned in the article: Pyridines; Quinolinic Acids; 3-Hydroxyanthranilic Acid; Ibotenic Acid; Tryptophan; Quinolinic Acid; Kynurenic Acid;
Mesh terms: 3-Hydroxyanthranilic Acid/metabolism; Animals; Corpus Striatum/metabolism; Extracellular Space/metabolism; Ibotenic Acid; Kynurenic Acid/metabolism; Male; Pyridines/metabolism; Quinolinic Acid; Quinolinic Acids/metabolism; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Tryptophan/metabolism;