Different gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor subtypes are involved in the regulation of opiate-dependent and independent luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone secretion.

Article date: 1989/7/1

PubMed ID: 2544412

Journal name: Endocrinology (ISSN: 0013-7227)


The neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) appears to be involved in the control of gonadotropin secretion. These studies were conducted 1) to evaluate the effect of GABAergic drugs on in vitro LHRH secretion and 2) to characterize the role of different types of GABA receptors (the GABA-A and GABA-B subtypes) in these actions. Arcuate nuclei-median eminence fragments were incubated in vitro, and the release of LHRH, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), arginine vasopressin, and oxytocin was measured by RIA. Both GABA and muscimol at different concentrations induced an increase in LHRH release, but did not affect the release of arginine vasopressin and oxytocin. This stimulatory effect was blocked by the specific GABA antagonist bicuculline, suggesting the involvement of GABA-A type receptors. Muscimol-stimulated LHRH release was not affected by the presence of phentolamine, suggesting that the stimulatory effect of GABA-A receptors on LHRH release is not mediated by interactions with the noradrenergic system. PGE2 has been shown to be a potent secretagogue of LHRH from the median eminence in vitro, and in this model the stimulatory effect of PGE2 was enhanced by muscimol. Baclofen, a specific GABA-B type receptor agonist, had no effect on basal LHRH release, but completely suppressed naloxone-stimulated LHRH and PGE2 secretion. The inhibitory effect of baclofen was blocked by the presence of 5-aminovalerate, a drug that has been shown to block the inhibitory effect of baclofen on NE release from noradrenergic terminals. This suggests the possibility that GABA-B receptors interacting with noradrenergic terminals may be responsible for the inhibitory effect of baclofen on naloxone stimulation. This study uncovered both stimulatory and inhibitory effects of GABA on LHRH release after activation of GABA-A or GABA-B receptors, respectively. Further, the data show possible relationships among the GABAergic, endogenous opiate peptide, and noradrenergic systems in the control of LHRH release from the hypothalamus.

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Author List: Masotto C, Wisniewski G, Negro-Vilar A

Publication Types: Journal Article

Substances mentioned in the article: Narcotics; Receptors, GABA-A; Arginine Vasopressin; Muscimol; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone; Naloxone; Oxytocin; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Baclofen; Dinoprostone; Bicuculline; Phentolamine;

Mesh terms: Animals; Arcuate Nucleus of Hypothalamus/metabolism; Arginine Vasopressin/secretion; Baclofen/pharmacology; Bicuculline/pharmacology; Dinoprostone/metabolism; Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone/secretion; Male; Median Eminence/metabolism; Muscimol/pharmacology; Naloxone/pharmacology; Narcotics/pharmacology; Oxytocin/metabolism; Phentolamine/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/physiology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;

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