2547898

Beta-N-oxalylamino-L-alanine action on glutamate receptors.

Article date: 1989/9/1

PubMed ID: 2547898

Journal name: Journal of neurochemistry (ISSN: 0022-3042)

ABSTRACT

beta-N-Oxalylamino-L-alanine (L-BOAA) is a non-protein excitatory amino acid present in the seed of Lathyrus sativus L. This excitotoxin has been characterized as the causative agent of human neurolathyrism, an upper motor neuron disease producing corticospinal dysfunction from excessive consumption of the lathyrus pea. Previous behavioral, tissue-culture, and in vitro receptor binding investigations revealed that L-BOAA might mediate acute neurotoxicity through quisqualate (QA)-preferring glutamate receptors. The present study demonstrates the stereospecific action of L-BOAA on glutamate receptor binding in whole mouse brain synaptic membranes. L-BOAA was most active in displacing thiocyanate (KSCN)-sensitive specific tritiated (RS)-alpha-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) binding (i.e., QA receptor) (Ki = 0.76 microM) with a rank-order potency of QA greater than kainate greater than N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA). By contrast, the nonneurotoxic D-BOAA isomer (100 microM) was essentially inactive in displacing radioligands for glutamate receptors, except the NMDA site, where it was equipotent with L-BOAA. Scatchard analysis of L-BOAA displacement of specific [3H]AMPA binding indicated competitive antagonism (KD: control, 135 nM; L-BOAA, 265 nM) without a significant change in QA-receptor density, and Hill plots yielded coefficients approaching unity. Differential L-BOAA concentration-dependent decreases in specific [3H]AMPA binding were observed in synaptic membranes, indicating that the neurotoxin was more potent in displacing specific binding from frontal cortex membranes, followed by that for corpus striatum, hippocampus, cerebellum, and spinal cord. (ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Author List: Ross S M, Roy D N, Spencer P S

Publication Types: Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Substances mentioned in the article: Amino Acids, Diamino; Oxadiazoles; Piperazines; Receptors, Glutamate; Receptors, Neurotransmitter; Thiocyanates; beta-Alanine; oxalyldiaminopropionic acid; Ibotenic Acid; Aspartic Acid; N-Methylaspartate; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; Quisqualic Acid; 3-(2-carboxypiperazin-4-yl)propyl-1-phosphonic acid; Alanine; Kainic Acid; potassium thiocyanate;

Mesh terms: Alanine/analogs & derivatives; Amino Acids, Diamino; Animals; Aspartic Acid/analogs & derivatives; Binding, Competitive; Brain/drug effects; Cerebellum/metabolism; Cerebral Cortex/drug effects; Corpus Striatum/metabolism; Hippocampus/metabolism; Ibotenic Acid/analogs & derivatives; Kainic Acid/metabolism; Male; Mice; N-Methylaspartate; Oxadiazoles/metabolism; Piperazines/metabolism; Quisqualic Acid; Receptors, Glutamate; Receptors, Neurotransmitter/drug effects; Spinal Cord/drug effects; Synaptic Membranes/metabolism; Thiocyanates/pharmacology; alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid; beta-Alanine/analogs & derivatives;

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