Article date: 1989/8/1
PubMed ID: 2547942
Journal name: The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics (ISSN: 0022-3565)
Slices of rat temporo-parietal cortex were prelabeled with gamma-[3H]aminobutyric acid ([3H]GABA), in the presence of the glial GABA uptake inhibitor beta-alanine. The slices were then superfused with a medium containing the GABA transaminase inhibitor aminooxyacetic acid and stimulated electrically (5 min, 2 msec, 36 mA at 5 or 10 Hz), in the presence of the neuronal GABA reuptake inhibitor SK&F 89976A [N-(4,4-diphenyl-3-butenyl)-nipecotic acid] and of beta-alanine. Representative experiments showed that the tritium released could be accounted for almost entirely by authentic [3H]GABA. The electrically evoked overflow of [3H]GABA was tetrodotoxin sensitive and largely calcium-dependent. Exogenous GABA, added to the superfusion medium at 3 to 30 microM, reduced in a concentration-dependent manner the electrically evoked (5 Hz) release of [3H]GABA. The GABAB receptor agonist (-)-baclofen, but not the GABAA receptor agonist muscimol, mimicked GABA and produced a concentration-inhibition curve almost superimposable to that of the natural transmitter. The effects of GABA and of (-)-baclofen were much more pronounced at 5 than at 10 Hz. The GABA-induced inhibition of [3H]GABA release was sensitive to the novel GABAB receptor antagonist beta-(p-chlorophenyl)-3-amino propyl phosphonic acid which, by itself, increased the [3H]GABA overflow. The inhibitory effect of GABA was not counteracted by the GABAA receptor antagonists bicuculline or SR 95531 [2-(3'-carbethoxy-2'-propenyl)-3-amino-6-paramethoxy-phenyl-pyr idazinium bromide]. The results are compatible with the presence in the rat cerebral cortex of autoreceptors mediating inhibition of GABA release and belonging to the GABAB type. These autoreceptors may be activated tonically under physiological conditions.
Author List: Raiteri M, Bonanno G, Fedele E
Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Substances mentioned in the article: Receptors, GABA-A; Muscimol; Tetrodotoxin; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; Baclofen;
Mesh terms: Animals; Baclofen/pharmacology; Cerebral Cortex/secretion; Electric Stimulation; In Vitro Techniques; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects; Tetrodotoxin/pharmacology; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/secretion;