2551453

gamma-Aminobutyric acid inhibits the release of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone from rat hypothalamic slices.

Article date: 1989/9/11

PubMed ID: 2551453

Journal name: Brain research (ISSN: 0006-8993)

ABSTRACT

The effect of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on release of alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) from hypothalamic neurons was investigated in vitro using the perifusion technique. Rat hypothalamic slices were continuously superfused with Krebs-Ringer medium and the release of alpha-MSH in the effluent perifusate was monitored by means of a sensitive and specific radioimmunoassay method. Infusion of 50 mM K+ for 15 min induced a transient increase of alpha-MSH release (5- to 8-fold above the spontaneous level). Infusion of the same dose of K+ for 75 min caused a brief discharge of alpha-MSH during the first 30 min followed by sustained release of the neuropeptide. The effect of GABA was investigated 27 min after the onset of KCl infusion. Application of GABA (5 x 10(-5) M) resulted in a significant and reversible inhibition of K+-induced alpha-MSH release. The GABAA agonist, muscimol (10(-4) M), produced a prolonged inhibition of K+-evoked alpha-MSH release, while the GABAB agonist, baclofen (10(-4) M), was devoid of effect on hypothalamic alpha-MSH release. Bicuculline (10(-4) M), a specific GABAA antagonist, had no effect when added alone to the medium but totally reversed the inhibitory effect of GABA on K+-induced alpha-MSH release. Taken together, these data suggest that exogenous GABA exerts an inhibitory control on alpha-MSH neurons. Our data also show that the effect of GABA on alpha-MSH release by hypothalamic neurons is mediated through GABAA-type receptors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

This document is available from: http://directlinks.cc/files/muscimol/2551453.pdf

Author List: Delbende C, Jégou S, Tranchand-Bunel D, Blasquez C, Vaudry H

Publication Types: Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Substances mentioned in the article: Aminooxyacetic Acid; Muscimol; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; alpha-MSH; Baclofen;

Mesh terms: Aminooxyacetic Acid/pharmacology; Animals; Baclofen/pharmacology; Hypothalamus/drug effects; In Vitro Techniques; Male; Muscimol/pharmacology; Rats; Rats, Inbred Strains; alpha-MSH/metabolism; gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/pharmacology;

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